- 1 How to make a decorative concrete with their hands
- 1.1 spraying method for decorative concrete
- 1.2 The printing method for decorative concrete
- 1.3 Decorative concrete with their hands. Production technology of spraying
- 1.4 production by printing technology
- 1.5 Forms for decorative concrete
- 1.6 Coating yard decorative concrete
- 1.7 Recipe for decorative concrete with their hands
- 1.8 Decorative concrete production process
- 2 Make a decorative concrete with their hands: 6 consecutive steps
- 3 Production of decorative concrete: all the possible ways
How to make a decorative concrete with their hands
Decorative concrete is an excellent substitute for natural materials. These concrete products depending on the composition can be constructive, decorative and artistic and decorative. They easily imitate natural and artificial surfaces, such as paving stones, marble, brick, wood, laminate, animal skin. Decorative concrete for strength and durability is much higher than in conventional concrete mixes. It is used in the design of courtyards, facades of houses and individual rooms.
The main quality of the concrete is obtained thanks to its textured finish. In its manufacture uses special chemical dyes compositions characterized by good adhesion properties. These formulations gives the product a special aesthetics and beauty. The surface finish produced by spraying and punching.
Popular colored and stamped concrete are varieties of concrete art that adorns the facades of houses and Pridvorova territory.
spraying method for decorative concrete
Sputtering is used to vertically disposed planes. Acid dyes and dispenser give the surface the desired color. The paint in contact with the concrete solution undergoes a chemical reaction and create the desired pattern. It is applied to the layers to achieve the desired shade. sputtering method allows you to create the appearance of brickwork and natural stone.
The printing method for decorative concrete
This method is used on all planes. Today there are a large number of manufacturing printed concrete technology.
Any concrete in its composition contains cement, plasticizers, sand, and other elements that are dependent on the desired result.
Decorative concrete is subsequently may have a surface that mimics the bark wood, laminate, natural stone, ceramic tile, masonry, cobble.
Made with their own hands decorative concrete is obtained not only beautiful, but also a reliable, long-lasting. Let's investigate.
Decorative concrete with their hands. Production technology of spraying
To create a decorative surface on concrete used stencils which are mounted on the surface. The dye mixture is applied to a surface, gives it the desired form.
Stencils can be purchased ready-made or make yourself. even thick paper can be used for their manufacture. The final step of creating a decorative surface is to apply a special protective impregnation, which will further protect the concrete from external influences.
production by printing technology
Decorative and printed concrete - a kind of monolithic concrete treated with rhythmic stamping and chemically treated. Printed concrete (punching) is a fairly common method of manufacturing the decorative surface.
To create a decorative printed concrete with their hands need concrete mixer, vibrating table and the form of metal, wood, polyethylene, fiberglass or ABS. You can buy them or make his own. If you need a simple or standard forms, they can be made from OSB, plywood or boards.
Forms for decorative concrete
The form can be done by using metal and welding for the manufacture of concrete at certain skills. To give a more complicated billing die (matrix) of the polymer can be poured.
To create the decorative surface required stamps (matrix) of plastic, polyurethane or silicone.
The plastic used to make paving slabs and pavers. Flexible matrix need to create more complex shapes.
In order to make the silicone matrix in the store to buy one tile that mimics stone with the desired pattern.
To create forms for decorative concrete with their hands need:
- a sheet of plywood or OSB;
Formed from plywood box depth of 15-17 cm. It is half filled with sealant. Tiles with decorative pattern carefully lubricated with grease. Then face it must be pressed into the silicone. Surpluses generated on the surface are removed. On the fourth day form for forming concrete is ready for use.
Form gently pressed into the uncured concrete surface, pre-coated colored pigment, water-resistant additives and fixative. After solidification of the surface of dies are removed and the concrete is covered by a protective impregnation.
For manufacturing decorative concrete applied cement M350 or M400. Material to impart strength to it is added fibrovolokno.
For the manufacture of tiles and small-sized products using fine aggregate. Volumetric concrete parts are produced with the addition of the larger carriers.
Pronounced concrete structure obtained by adding marble, basalt, limestone, granite, anthracite, ceramic fragments and colored glass.
To enhance the billing uses special mixture which slow freezing surface. At this time made of concrete processing of special tools or hydrochloric acid.
For bright and pure colors taken white Portland cement. Dark and light sand produce the desired decorative effect. In the manufacture of their own hands composition of decorative concrete can be changed at their discretion, by adding or removing any components.
Coating yard decorative concrete
Decorative concrete has been widely adopted, and quite often it can be found in the form of fields, paths, driveways, parking lots.
How to make a decorative concrete with their hands, so that he could decorate any yard?
Printed concrete is non-slip and makes temperature differences and why it is so often used in the ennoblement of the yard around the house.
To cover the yard with decorative concrete with their hands need to select a suitable site. If the concrete is made in the yard, its production is carried out once in a fixed place, where it will continue to be.
To make the garden path or refine a yard of land, you need to take cement grade M350-400 and plasticizers. You need to work at zero temperature.
The mixture is stirred. Poured into molds. To seal the vibrating plate is used. Roller smoothes and consolidates the concrete surface.
Decorative concrete is created with his own hands in the room or outside in the courtyard. If the concrete production is carried out under the roof, there should be undeveloped good ventilation and heating.
When working outside, first made the site layout. The land is necessary to drive the pegs. Along the perimeter of the rope is pulled. Topsoil should be cut to a depth of 15-20 cm, and remove to the side. Along the edges of settling formwork.
Poured a mixture of sand and granite chips 10-15 cm thick, compacted. Laid top polyethylene overlap 10 cm, laid reinforcing steel mesh.
Thereafter, possible to prepare concrete.
Recipe for decorative concrete with their hands
In terms of 1 m 3 concrete includes:
- 600 g of a polypropylene reinforcing fibers.
- 700 kg of granite chips fraction from 5 to 20 mm.
- 450 kg of river sand.
- C3 2.5 l of plasticizer in the aqueous solution.
- dye (the number depends on the desired hue).
Decorative concrete production process
The components are connected and thoroughly mixed in a concrete mixer. The mixture should turn out smooth.
The mixture was poured decorative. The mixture was distributed over the formwork and compacted.
For the settling of large particles produced rolling roller, with fine aggregate brought to the surface.
Concrete is necessary to smooth aluminum trowel. Along the perimeter of the processing performed corner trowel.
Before using a color fixative need to make sure that the surface is smooth, matt. The sealant composition contains a coloring pigment, silica sand, granite dust, adhesive filler.
70% fixative (3.6 kg / m 2 for a luminous and 2.6 kg / m 2 for dark colors) applied manually. Smoothing the entire surface and edges made of aluminum trowel. The remaining 30% of the fixer is uniformly scattered on the concrete, and all smoothed metal trowel.
Each layer is rubbed until complete wetting of the coloring component and concrete thus should be smooth and uniformly full colored.
Dispersed color hardener makes the concrete more dense, covering all the micropores of the surface and gives a bright and stable color.
The treated surface is coated with a disconnector (1 m 2 consumption is 0.2 kg).
Then the soft surface is pressed special shape imitating stone, timber, bricks or boards.
Matrix is necessary to moisten with water and uniformly pressed against the surface. The first matrix need to be laid along the length of the formwork on the site. They are closely pressed against each other.
From mixing to stamping must pass a maximum time of 70 minutes. Concrete at work should not be set. The consistency should resemble plasticine. Stamp dried product should be removed carefully, without damaging the surface. For this purpose, a special stuchalka. 2 days remaining on the surface of the isolator to delete dlinnovorsnoy brush. To create a deeper textures can use a 3% solution of hydrochloric acid.
Then the surface is washed with running water, dried and impregnated or coated with the acrylic lacquer in concrete and stone.
Created with his own hands after drying decorative concrete ready.
The coating of any surface decorative concrete with their hands can reduce costs and place your house and plot your own.
At the finished decorative concrete walkable after 5 hours after application or impregnation varnish.
Heavy loads (car race, truck, trailer) may be 12-14 days.
Anti-icing agents can not be used for decorative coatings! In addition, the need to avoid the use of metal objects to remove snow and ice.
Decorative concrete surface protection in a year need to cover the water-repellent solution. It will retain the look of concrete and protect it from external influences.
Decorative concrete with proper maintenance will last for many years and will decorate is any surface where it was applied.
Make a decorative concrete with their hands: 6 consecutive steps
Make a beautiful and attractive relief is possible by means of decorative concrete decorative concrete is widely used in the second half of the twentieth century. The first technology is mastered American builders military airfields, the primary objective of which was to achieve a durable, wear-resistant coating for a short time. High performance coatings and decorative characteristics have made it popular in the domestic sphere today, decorative concrete is used for interior and exterior decoration of private houses and cottages, Landscape design. What you need to know in order to make concrete decorative coating hands - read the article.
Printed (decorative) concrete - is colored concrete, in which, before solidification of the embossed print solution applied, simulating the texture of natural wood, stone, brick, tiles, etc.
Printed concrete is fairly common because it looks beautiful and practical
Due to its accessibility, durability and attractive appearance, pressed concrete has a wide range of applications. Today, concrete decorative surfaces are used for the finishing of floors and walls of residential buildings and adjacent territories (areas decor around the pool, garden paths, finishing gazebos), and industrial facilities, shopping and exhibition centers, indoor and outdoor areas of gas stations, airports, stations and so on. d.
Decorative concrete is indispensable for restoration of old surfaces, when finding an identical material can not be: with special shapes and callers can be easily and quickly get the product that imitates the old brickwork.
Stamped concrete: Benefits
Apart from the widest possible use and beautiful appearance, decorative concrete coating has a lot of other advantages associated with its performance characteristics.
Stamping concrete advantage in that he easily able to withstand heavy loads
Thus, the main advantages of stamped concrete are:
- The ability of a material to withstand high loads. Printed concrete for domestic use capable of withstanding a load of 400-500 kg per cubic meter.
- Stability of the coating to moisture (occurrence of corrosion), UV.
- concrete resistance to sharp changes in temperature (up to levels from -40 to +40 degrees Celsius).
- Frost resistance. The coating can easily withstand more than 300 seasons.
- The ability of the coating to transfer without changes in appearance Impact acid-alkali and petroleum products, fats.
- Durability. The term of service of the concrete base is at least 25 years.
However, decorative concrete has a wide range of colors and a wide range of textures (if necessary, may be applied to cover the textured stamp in the form of plants, graphics and complex graphics).
What are concrete stamps
The embossed pattern on concrete is applied by means of special dies. Thanks to them, you can obtain a surface that mimics wood, masonry, paving. In this case, the pattern may be arbitrary.
Familiar with the various options for concrete stamps can be in specialized stores
At present, to produce high-quality prints on the concrete use these types of stamps:
- Silicone (polyurethane) - a flexible stamps, by which to obtain the texture of any complexity. Their advantages include a long service life. In addition, silicone seals do not need to be lubricated Oil: formlayner easy to remove without lubricant.
- Plastic - hard punches that are characterized by the ability to transfer a geometric form clearly and accurately. Most often, they are used to simulate the paving stones, masonry. Work rigid stamps can be on the floor, or on a vertical surface.
Separately recovered stencil for concrete - a form which is a circuit for pouring concrete. Work using this stencil is very easy: it laid on the ground, and then filled with a solution, waiting for solidification and removing, moving on. Thus, it can be a garden path, decorate the porch, gazebo or terrace floor.
Buy ready-made mold can be in many DIY stores and the internet (for example, in Damascus online store). In addition, products can be made from available materials on their own.
Decorative concrete with their hands
Stamped, decorative concrete, thanks to its high performance and attractive appearance - a perfect solution for decoration infield private homes, cottages. Order laying of tracks using decorative concrete can have specialized companies, and you can save money and make the artistic concrete without professional help, with their own hands. To perform the required work solution, a stamp or stencil, the tool (building level, fasteners for stencil graters for decorative concrete).
Manufacture decorative concrete can be quite independently, the main thing - to prepare all the necessary materials and tools for the job
Technology for creating an embossing includes the following stages:
- Preparation of the base. To obtain high-quality concrete coating from the territory under fill removed soil layer height of 100 mm. Then mounted formwork desired shape and the land is filled with gravel.
- Pouring the mixture. Depending on the type of stamp concrete is poured in a stencil, or spread on the rubble. In order to smooth out the surface using a builder's level.
- Decorating. To obtain an attractive surface of wood or stone, concrete coated granular dyes. To consolidate the results, use a color hardener (to give the surface of the saturated colors, the effect of plaster or "wet stone" use a special varnish for concrete and stone, which can be ordered on the website of Damascus).
- Print. If not to create a relief pattern was used, the pattern on a flat concrete surface applied using dies.
- Purification coating. Embossed washed after 2-3 days hydrochloric acid.
- Application of UV and moisture-resistant protective layer (usually acrylic fixer used for this purpose).
So you can get high-quality, attractive stamped concrete, which will last for several decades. Variant design of the coating depends on the landscape site design, home decorating, personal taste preferences of the apartment owner.
The dry mixture for preparation of a news of concrete can be purchased at any store building materials (from budget options you can choose the material of the brand Flex Concrete), and you can prepare yourself.
How to make a printed concrete: the technology and recipe
A mixture for producing decorative concrete comprises gravel and sand, Portland cement, a plasticizer. Another important ingredient is a polypropylene fiber which increases the term operation of the embossed coating, it prevents cracking and chipping. Ingredient taken in an amount of 600 grams per cubic meter of solution.
In the manufacture of decorative concrete, special attention should be paid to the choice of plasticizer
For the manufacture of printed decorative concrete is better to choose Portland cement M400 and M500 / D20, which have moisture and frost resistance, can withstand a load of 400 and 500 kg per cubic meter.
The choice of plasticizer depends on the form of the future product. So, experts recommend to choose for the production of paving tiles superplasticizer. Suitable for garden paths resistant to extreme temperature, and fireproof explosive plasticizer C3.
It is worth remembering that in the concrete mixture the plasticizer should be added as an aqueous solution.
Composition, prepared from these ingredients, the formwork is placed, is distributed by means of trowels for decorative concrete and compacted. Ready-mix formulation is indicated on the labels.
Decorative concrete with their hands (video)
Decorative concrete - it's an affordable way to create an attractive and durable finish of both horizontal and vertical surfaces. Modern production of molds and dies for the decorative concrete makes it possible to obtain a detailed relief of any kind and complexity. In this case, the work can be done without assistance, and stamps and the mixture - make your own!
Production of decorative concrete: all the possible ways
Architectural concrete - the material repeatedly exceeding the strength and chemical resistance of conventional concrete mixtures. It is very elaborately may transmit every possible kind of natural and artificial surfaces of the pavers to marble and wood bark and laminate.
Today, the technology of production of decorative concrete will be considered, including stone and other important details.
Technology and methods for making decorative concrete
For this material is used high quality cement (for example, M 400), which is often hardened fiberglass.
- For smaller products and the production of tiles used method of block-making and fine aggregate.
- Textured surface is obtained by vibration casting, using granite or marble chips.
- To enhance the decorative effect used sand certain shade - light or dark.
- When required pronounced structure take pieces of glass and ceramics, limestone, marble, granite, anthracite, basalt.
- To enhance the texture of enjoying retarding additives congealing the mixture, the surface treated with hydrochloric acid or a special tool.
Note that their main decorative concrete quality becomes due to the special surface finish, giving the original pattern and structure. It uses the chemical coloring compositions having good adhesion and makes the product not only aesthetic, but also excellent characteristics. Finishing may be carried out in several ways. Then - about each of them.
On some types of decorative concrete, as well as its manufacture will tell the next video:
This method is used on vertical surfaces. To use it you need the spray and acid dye.
Dye reacts with concrete solution is applied in layers, as long as they achieve the desired shade. So it is possible to represent, for example, the type of masonry bricks or natural stones.
In this case, a special stencils, which are fixed to the concrete surface. Decorative coloring mixture is applied to them, so that the surface becomes the form that thought.
For sale is a wide variety of low-cost stencils made of plastic - they are reusable. But they are also most easily done - even paper. The final stage of work - drawing special impregnation for added protection material.
Let's talk about the polyurethane molds for decorative concrete and plaster.
This is one of the most popular ways of producing decorative concrete, which even often called punched (or printed) concrete. Dies are usually made of rubber, silicone or polyurethane. They are pressed into the still soft concrete surface (pre-coated with a mixture of colored pigment, the fixer and water resistant additives), and after its solidification - removed and the applied protective impregnation. The printing method can be used on a horizontal plane and in the vertical.
One variety of stamping has become very popular today Graphite technology. So called unique mortar, which is based on high quality white cement. Also in the printed decorative concrete for Graphite Technology includes about ten other components: sand, plasticizers, and other elements.
A mixture of graphite, it is not demanding training plane penetrates the smallest pores just like on the metal that makes cold welding. It allows you to put into any concrete surface: bark, ceramic tiles, any stone, laminate, cobblestone. In this case, an effect of three-dimensional volume that gives the illusion of what is before us, for example, masonry, ceramic or wood product.
- As for the manufacture of any composition based on cement, need concrete mixer with electric drive. Its price will depend on the production volume - an average of about 22-23 thousand rubles.
- It will also need shaker apparatus, allowing leveled concrete and prevents the formation of voids inside. It will cost about 15 thousand rubles.
- If you plan to produce great products, you should think about forklift.
- The next item of expenditure - this is forms for decorative concrete products (Approximately 50 pieces) which will be poured into the concrete mix. Material for their manufacture varied: metal, wood, fiberglass, plastic ABS, polyethylene. Cost, respectively, may also vary widely, from 500 to 15 thousand rubles.
Finally, we turn to, without which our material has no right to be called decorative. It stamps which may be rigid plastic and a soft polyurethane (or silicone).
The first is used for the production of paving blocks or paving slabs, they are cheap - which is 1.5 thousand rubles per share. Flexible seals used to create more complex forms for decorative concrete products, the price of 7 to 20 thousand rubles. A self-made stamp to printed decorative concrete will set you free.
In order to save many craftsmen want to learn how to make their own stamps. In the web about this many video - you can see the detailed process. The easiest way to make a metal stencil printing by means of welding. If you want something more complex and interesting than ordinary paving stone or masonry, and possibly a polymer cast form. But it is more difficult and not always possible to achieve results of the same quality as that of the final soft stamps.
The following video tells the story of the production of decorative stamp for printed concrete with their hands:
To learn how to make a decorative printed interior concrete in their hands, tell the following section.
To start making decorative concrete, you need to choose a suitable site. It would be the best place, located in an industrial area, or even outside the city. An area of 50 (70) square meters will be enough. Heating and ventilation system is well-established - the necessary conditions (this is necessary so that the concrete was dry well).
And now tell you how to make the most popular printed concrete, which is actively used to create beautiful and durable garden paths. He did not slip and can easily make changes from plus to minus fifty-fifty, so fond of homeowners and cottagers.
Thus, to make such a garden path, inventory quality concrete mix (brand of cement not lower M300). plasticizer additives - mandatory. Works carried out at plus-five degrees and above.
- Fill the mixture, compacting the screed and its laminating roller and smoothing. Composition of the mixture:
- Then remove the top layer of soil (15 to 20 cm), set on the edges of the formwork, pour the mixture of gravel and sand, ramming, laid polyethylene, polypropylene fiber armiruem (600 grams per square meter).
- First we make the markup taking the pegs of wood and pulled the rope between them.
- granite chippings fractions of 5 to 20 - 3 parts;
- portland cement 400 - 1 part;
- river sand - 3 parts;
- C3 plasticizer in aqueous solution - 0.5 percent.
- Before the next step of - applying a decorative layer - the coating must disconnector.
- Then the mixture was applied color fixative (not included in the adhesive filler, granite dust, sand, quartz and colored pigment). Uniformly pressed against the surface of stamps, moistened with water.
Remove the stamp from the dried product gently, using a special stuchalku. After two days include the long brush to remove remaining isolator, my face, dry them, cover the impregnation on the basis of acrylic. Stylish and durable track ready.
To learn how to make decorative concrete with their hands, tell the video below: