- 1 Install handrails on stairs, wall - mounting options
- 1.1 Fastening balusters to the handrail wooden staircase
- 1.2 Compound handrail and a support post
- 1.3 Install handrails on prefabricated metal fences
- 1.4 Fixing handrails to a welded or forged railing for stairs
- 1.5 Methods of fixing the handrail stairs to the wall
- 2 near-wall mounting
- 3 Fixing handrail ladder against the wall
Install handrails on stairs, wall - mounting options
Assembling the railing for a staircase handrail installation is completed. What could be the handrail attachment, how to do it correctly, reliably and quietly do not know everything. Some common ways for wooden and metal ladders describe here.
Fastening balusters to the handrail wooden staircase
It turns out that the wooden railing to make the most difficult. This is because there are many different methods and techniques of working with wood and almost no ready-made solutions, as each individual staircase turns, has special features. For example, to mount the handrail balusters can be made using dowels, screws, nails, bolts, special ties (zipbolt) glue. In addition, you can "stick" railing directly on the balusters and posts, but there are options with an additional bar, which is sometimes called "podperilnik". And all this - the "right" ways to connect the posts with handrail. Here's how you can do it, and we say in this section.
Fixing handrail stairs on supporting columns or balusters can be done in several ways
The first step is to cut off a piece of handrail required length. This can be a fragment from one support post to the other piece of the entire passage - from the upper / lower column until the moment of rotation. It all depends on the ladder structure. If there is a place where two pieces, they should be well treated, achieving a perfect match. Then handrails streets should be covered with protective impregnation, and then - paint / varnish. After already can deal with the fastening of the handrail for the stairs.
How to trim the balusters for the installation of a handrail
After installing the balusters on stage, their tops are at different levels, without cutting them handrail not set - so it stays. For mounting the grip supporting the ladder top part racks must be cut at a certain angle. This angle is determined by the steep flight of stairs, and it is not necessary to calculate. Determined he was "on the spot".
Once installed balusters, they must be trimmed
To find the angle of undercutting balusters can be used stretched between supporting pillars thread. Her tie at the same distance from the tops of the pillars, which are installed at the top and bottom of the span. Where on the idea, will be the lower limit of the handrail. With this taut thread tolerated pencil line on the top rack. Instead, the thread can use a laser level and even to temporarily fix the guide (any flat bar).
That's how you should get - stair railings are ready to install handrails
Line received now strictly on it saw off the tops of the columns on the stairs. Then you can continue to mount the handrail balusters or columns.
Let one piece of advice: if the subsequent installation of handrails need to drill holes for dowels or pins, to make it better to trim. It's easier to find the center, it's easier to keep perpendicular to the drill. After the holes are made, you can take the saw / jigsaw and planned to file for marking the rack.
Compound banisters and handrails shkantami and threaded rods
Consider one of the traditional ways: fixing handrail using dowels or pins. Under this type of connection it is necessary to make a matching hole in the handrail and balusters stairs. If you put the studs will be, they can be screwed into the work done in the center of the hole balusters, handrail set at the position where he should stand. Check whether all necessary right, go along the rail, pristukivaya fist over each baluster. Protruding ends of metal studs will be left on the back of the rail trail. Handrail shoot, get marks for reliability mark marker / pencil. Now it is possible to drill holes. With this method of marking the handrail, problems with its "fit" into place almost never happens.
By setting dowel pins and threaded holes to make smaller diameter 1-2 mm
Second Embodiment markup handrail for installation pins and dowels is carried out before they are installed in the baluster. The first step is putting a cut piece of the handrail into place. Then mark with a pencil on both sides which are installed balusters. Before applying the stamp, check the distance between adjacent pillars at the bottom and near the handrail. If they match, it's okay, we put a mark, if not, adjust the position of the stand and then we put the mark. Correction is needed in order to support all the stairs stood upright. This will make the railing more reliable.
For reliable connection of the stud should protrude at least 2 cm
Once marked all the balusters, remove the handrail. On the reverse side are the mark caused us. Between pairs of lines that delineate the baluster, hold diagonally. In the place of their intersection set mark. And then it will be necessary to drill a hole under a dowel or pin. Likewise, the Center is located on the balusters (if you still do not have holes in them). As you know, with this method of marking the handrail for the railing may have problems - the slightest inaccuracy and the handrail is not joined to the reception. The good news is that, within certain limits, you can move the baluster. Until it is fixed - there is a certain freedom, and it can be used during the installation of handrails. Just move it so that the thorn in the groove. In general, mounting on a handrail dowels you know.
To install the railing was more reliable but dowels or pins can be coated with adhesive compound. This will make the structure more rigid, extend service life without backlash.
With an auxiliary strap - podperilnikom
Agree that the easiest installation on the handrail balusters - through screws or nails. What stems from this decision? Too unsightly result as hats fasteners spoiling all kind. But there is a very similar way to ensure good appearance of ladder railing. Use the auxiliary strap, which is also called podperilnik.
Supporting strip cut to the shape of the groove
Supporting bar is cut with a spike, which repeats in a mirror image of the groove shape in the bottom of the grip. Flat side of her lay on podpilennye balusters, thoroughly fastened (screws or nails - your choice). Be sure to check the distance between adjacent racks.
To fix the auxiliary strap through baluster
Then, the upper part podperilnika promazyvayut adhesive and "put" handrail. All. No fixture marks on the front of the grip, everything is kept. The only thing that we must remember is that the handrail height is somewhat greater as the thickness is added as an auxiliary strap (if the wooden plank is at least 2-3 cm).
There is another method of fixing on the handrail podperilnik - small nails or screws from the bottom at an angle. But with such a visible fastening cap. They can disguise one of the known methods, but it's a long time ...
The easiest way - to fasten with screws
As you know, over time wooden railing "bumped" due to the fact that under load they stagger, wood fiber crush, there is backlash. To the possibility of the backlash it was less when mounting a bracket on each baluster can be used for two or more self-tapping screws / nails. So fixing the handrail will be tougher.
Still, for greater reliability, the bar can be made of metal. Any suitable, thin metal. Although steel, although aluminum. But then it will be necessary to trim the bar or on the size of the recess in the handrail or to modify the slot to rail well lay down on the structure. And again, if the metal strip, the adhesive must find the universal, which is well glues wood with metal. This mount is a simple handrail on the staircase, beautiful, reliable. Suitable for those who have decided to make railings for the stairs with his hands for the first time.
Installation of the handrail of wood without metal fasteners: spikes and glue. Spikes are cut in the top of the balusters. Under them are formed in the handrail recess of the same shape. Shape stud / slot - any. This may be a rhombus, rectangle, circle, oval. The main thing that a tongue and groove perfectly matched. This can be achieved by making the pattern and accuracy of its repeated on each fragment. The minimum height of the tenon - 2.5 cm, so that the height of the grip can not be less than 4.5 cm.
Cut at the tips of the spikes balusters in the handrail recess under them
After each baluster formed spike, and at the appropriate location on the handrail carved groove is sized them. When you install a handrail on the balusters, they can be moved slightly to align the holes. Use the handrail can be installed after drying glue (time is on the packaging).
Compound handrail and a support post
Often rail is not on top of the column, and is connected to the lateral edge. As in this case, dock and railing post? The easiest way - after cutting the rail to the desired angle, fasten the screws or nails driven at an angle. Cons are obvious - visible bonnet fasteners.
How to connect the rail to the support post at an angle and butt
There is another way - to use a zip-bolt, which consists of two movably connected with rods and gear. Under its installation necessary technological opening, which makes the bottom of the handrail. Then it is plugged in tone wood and it becomes almost imperceptible. The second advantage of this connection: it can be tightened (to some extent), when suddenly, will play.
Still under zipbolt requires drilling holes for the pins - one in the post and handrail. Technological hole is usually done in the handrail. It is positioned so as to be able to tighten the thread under reducer (the length of the thread is typically 10 mm). The depth of the holes - by size studs (from the junction to the edge), diameter - 1-2 mm less than the diameter of the stud.
The principle of the connection of the ladder and railing post at an angle
The drilled holes are installed studs. The post is screwed in the handrail is simply inserted. In the prepared locating hole gear set, which has a hole for hexagon wrench (6 mm). Expand the gearbox so that it is convenient to use the key. Turn the wrench, tighten the thread, pulling the handrail to the post. This should be done after the balusters are connected to the handrail. Attaching a handrail to the post, we can assume that the railing installed.
Install handrails on prefabricated metal fences
In general, the rail assembly of metal (stainless steel, nickel-plated, chrome-plated) pipes similar to the constructor. There are pipes of different diameters, decorative elements to them, and a whole set of different mounts. Of all these parts and assembled railing. Because they are called "teams". When deciding how to fix handrails to metal balusters / poles / pillars, your job - to choose those elements that are better than others for a solution to your problem or more than any other you like.
Install a handrail on prefabricated metal railings can be using special flanges
For compounds of metal studs / balusters with handrail has special nozzles, which on one hand are fastened to the round / square / rectangular tube, on the other - to the rail. There are models of different types. You only need to find the most suitable, select: the size of racks and hand-rail type.
The prefabricated metal fence rails may be different:
- round metal pipe;
- profile (rectangular, square) metal tube;
- plastic handrail (round, oval shape or the original);
- wood of any type.
Under each of these handrails have a mount, and usually not one. You choose what you like. Fix them simply: clamp bolts. However, for reliability, and permitting the metal thickness may be all welded connection of two metal parts. Welding of thin metal - not an easy thing, but if you know how to handle the welding apparatus, there is nothing impossible. Welding takes longer, but is bracing handrail is very reliable.
Prefabricated metal railings reminiscent of the designer
the need to use fasteners that manufacturers recommend When connecting the metal elements ladders with the plastic or wood. Additionally, you can place joints prokleivat purpose adhesive. However, in the case of stainless steel, in particular there is no sense: the clutch is very low. But still…
Fixing handrails to a welded or forged railing for stairs
On forged or welded fence usually put a wooden handrail. In its lower portion make propyl size upper lintel of the finished rail. Handrail planting depth - about 2 cm or more can-less -. dependent on desires. Connect the railing with handrail screws which twist through the openings in the upper bridge. It is important to choose the fixture length: it must be a little bit (at least - 5 mm) is less than the height of the handrail to the screw is stuck on the surface.
In the upper bridge and make holes through them with screws to fix the railing
In this case, installation of a handrail on a ladder is simple:
- In the upper bridge make holes which are slightly larger than the diameter of screws selected but less than the diameter of the cap. Step - 50 cm to 1 meter.
- Grab bars are cut where it is needed, customize the joints to an ideal condition.
- Install handrails in place, achieving a perfect match joints, fix them in this position with clamps.
- Through holes in the crosspiece mounted fasteners.
- Remove the clamp. Fastening the rail over, railing ready for operation.
Choose the profile handrail is also important
There is also the possibility to glue a wooden handrail to the weld metal or wrought iron railings. When selecting an adhesive must look so that it can connect wood and metal. For outdoor stairs (on the porch, for example) must also pay attention to the range of operating temperatures. For the rest, any difficulties:
- spread the adhesive according to the instructions;
- pressed parts, lock clamps;
- leave until the adhesive dries;
- remove the clamp.
To secure the handrail to the steel stairs, you can use both of these methods. To one another does not interfere.
Methods of fixing the handrail stairs to the wall
To attach the wall rail when the width of the steps on the stairway exceeds 120 cm. The second rail made of the same material and the same shape as in the balusters, but attach it to the wall.
For the installation of a handrail on the wall there are a number of fasteners - brackets - under a different profile (round, oval shaped). On one side fasteners is a circular or square moiety with a smooth surface and openings therein done. This part of the set on the wall. Fasteners are selected depending on the material from which the wall is made. Use the screws, if the walls are wooden dowels for walls made of concrete and bricks, and special anchors for fastening to lightweight concrete.
Several types of brackets for fixing the rail to the wall
The number and size of fasteners for mounting the handrail of the ladder on the wall select for reasons of reliability. On each bracket manufacturers make at least four holes. Here are four self-tapping screws / wall plugs / nail for each and set. When choosing the length of the best reasons of "the longer, the better." Still, on a wall rail it can account for a solid load, so it is better to be safe than flying down ...
The second part of the Wall mount stair railing - which itself is attached handrail - can be different. Under the round pipe may be a ring of a certain diameter, a rectangular or square handrail is generally flat area. In this part of the staircase handrail bracket also has a hole - to be able to fix the railing. And in this case, the number of fasteners must be equal to the number of holes (for the same reasons).
There are such options
There are brackets for wall mounting handrails with a different angle. Choose them according to their own ideas about the convenience and the planned height of the support. Yet there are telescopic models that allow you to set the distance to the wall and / or the angle of inclination. Still have the end wall brackets, which at the same time fixing the edges of the handrail and decorative yet they make out.
Approximately so it all set
The number of brackets depends on its length handrail. Generally, one element is placed on the edges, and the estimated number Mezhuyev them, with a distance of 40-60 cm. The smaller the bearing capacity of the wall, the wall often put railing holders.
The main objective of wall mounts for the handrail, as the name implies, is to them fastened handrails.
What is it for? For the installation of various designs of the wall, not narrowing at this passage. Such attachment aimed at providing additional strength structures, which will be located near the wall.
Bracket made of steel needs to be selected for a specific ladder or other enclosure. But how to define exactly what is needed holder?
The correct choice of wall mountings for railing:
- First, we should define the handrail material. It will be made of stainless steel or wood, or other metal.
- Select the desired shape of the handrail. Will this element round or square. You may want to take some curly unusual shape.
Holders have different requirements and these two parameters, you can immediately select the required.
By the wooden structure are made of stainless steel fasteners.
To ensure the safety of metal stairs, look for near-wall mount for your shape or diameter.
railing holders are present on our website in a wide range. Their manufacturer stands "sag", which is his long term of the market confirms the reliability of its products. Beautiful views of products will be in harmony with handrails and not fall out of the overall interior room.
Our site will allow you to conveniently select the required brackets, order them directly to your home.
Fixing handrail ladder against the wall
- types holders
- Required tools
- Fixing handrails to a wall
The main purpose of the handrail - security. View, installation of stairs enclosures depend on the location of the stairs in the room (for example, with respect to the walls). Possible to mount to the wall or handrail balusters. When the guard railing is the ladder banisters imparting completed, aesthetic appearance, it also acts as a structural member required to increase its rigidity (strength).
In this case the fastening is made by fastening a railing balusters (racks) on the bottom edge - to ladder surface, and only after that - to the top edge. On the upper edge of the railing fastening is made directly to the rail or a special bracket, which will subsequently be built into the handrail. Fixing handrails - quite a complicated process. You have to be prepared for the fact that it takes a lot of time, and for its implementation will have to attract mates: fastening the railing beyond the power of one person.
Another variant of the fence installation, when the ladder is located along the wall. In this case, the rail is mounted directly to the wall by means of special holders.
Holders (fastening) may be welded or assembly type. Welded holders are rigid, not folding detail with special openings for the fasteners (e.g., screws or bolts). Mounting assembly type are divided into regulated and unregulated. Adjustable fastening too are divided into two subspecies:
- cradle with adjustable height;
- cradle with adjustable tilt.
From the above holders of different mounting pile. The essential difference consists in the method of fasteners. One part of the pile attachment fixed to the wall, and the second, as you can tell from the name, is hammered into the handrail (especially in the prepared hole).
Tool for stairs: screwdriver, tape measure, level, a marker, a plumb and others.
Starting the implementation of the installation of stair railings to the wall, you must have these tools:
Take care also about the personal protective equipment: glasses, work gloves, thick clothing.
Installing stair railings - the final stage of mounting the stairs. The order of execution of works on installation of stair railings (when the ladder is located along the wall) can be different. It depends on the type of the rail carrier. Therefore, no harm will step by step instructions for installing stair railings those who decided to equip it with their hands. It is necessary to partition: how high, how far away from each other will be located fixing fences.
Nodes compound stages for any type of stringers.
Then, place a pencil to outline where you want to make drilling holes for anchoring screws, which are attached brackets. For safety reasons at the stage of drilling is recommended to use safety glasses. When drilling, use a vacuum cleaner to collect construction debris from under the drill. The less abrasive dust gets on the surface of the ladder, the better its condition is at the end of installation.
Drilled all the holes for fastening the holders, you can begin to install them. Securing the holders is made by means of anchoring screws (bolts).
All connections must be solid, strong and reliable, as a guarantee of safety of operation of the handrail.
It is particularly important to pay attention to this, if the wall is too soft and easily drill "immersed" in the drilling process.
Partitioning stringers with different methods of attaching tread and podstuponkov.
The next step after the installation of holders - fastening handrail. Invoice tool tray holder has the holes through which the connection is made and the rail holder. Usually, handrails, which are attached to the wall, made of wood or metal. Wooden fence mounted on fixed brackets, then fastened with screws. Wood - a soft material, so its fibers are easily screws, so there is no need to pre-prepare nests under screws.
If the fence is made of metal, holes for screws to be drilled therein before installation, previously careful measurements. This is especially important when the compound of the metal parts, as a deviation in even a couple of millimeters will make it impossible compound or insufficiently reliable. It is important to choose the right and the diameter of the drill bit for drilling holes in the wall and the handrail. Remember that for drilling holes in various materials using different drills.
Mounting holders pile type different from the above-described mounting holders with overlaid lodgment. Be sure to take measurements, markings, prepare all the necessary holes. Then precast attachment connected to the handrail. For this part of the holder pile is driven into a prepared a special opening in the handrail. The compound should be as dense. Only then can you begin the installation of the resulting construct the wall. First attached extreme holders, then average. All the rest are fixed in any order.
It will be easier to cope with the task of installing stair railings, if prior to the start of work you draw a sketch showing all the required dimensions. The presence of such a plan significantly reduces the risk of error by negligence or carelessness.
If you do not ignore the need for careful measuring, marking and preparation work, the process of mounting a ladder fencing will not give trouble.
Michael P. Eremin
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Interesting article, thanks to the author!
The perfect solution! It gives ambiance to any room.