- 1 How to clean silver at home
- 2 How to clean silver at home: decorating, cooking utensils. The answers to all questions about home cleaning silver
- 3 Silver Shoe: choose the best means of
How to clean silver at home
If silver object or ornament with time lost its shine, dark, then you have to learn how to clean the product with improvised means, or using a special solution in the home, and boldly take up the case. Recipes bring back the shine to silver is very much, but are they really effective?
How to clean silver at home
Most silver jewelry turn black after some time, it becomes dull. Superstitious people say that the reason for that damage to the owner or illness. According to scientists, in the silverware affect the composition of human sweat, if the body's excess sulfur, the metal is more likely to be black, and if a lot of nitrogen, then silver will not darken. However, it happens that goods are just lying in the casket - such as cutlery, crockery, figurines - and still covered with bloom. This occurs by interaction with air containing hydrogen sulfide.
To know how to clean silver jewelry at home correctly, it is necessary to consider an alloy of silver, impurities, presence of stones. silver alloy is:
So, how to clean silver at home? Before proceeding to the purification of silver jewelry, utensils, degrease the product using any detergent. Grooves whorl rub soft toothbrush. Let the subject lie down a few minutes in soapy water and then rinse decorations and proceed to drastic measures. There are lots of resources than to clean silver, including cleansing by means of:
- hydrogen peroxide;
- baking soda;
- ammonium hydroxide (ammonia);
- citric acid;
- toothpaste, or powder;
- special means (liquids, pastes, wipes);
- mechanical purification method eraser.
The use of hydrogen peroxide for cleaning silver objects are very ambiguous. Shoe silver hydrogen peroxide can both remove blackening with a noble metal, and run the reverse process. Hydrogen peroxide gives the oxygen atoms to reduction or oxidation agents, depending on its composition, so that the reaction of silver can be unpredictable, if the silver alloy contains extraneous metals. In this case, there is a risk that the surface of the decoration will be spotted or totally black.
Such contamination is difficult to remove at home. Will have to apply to the jeweler, and his work will result in a solid penny. There recipes as clean silver home using combined solutions based on hydrogen peroxide and ammonia. However, before putting all of the jewelry as a whole, make a test - check the chain reaction on the clasp or the inside of the ring. If you contact the place lit up, then go ahead and apply the solution to the entire surface of the decoration, using a cotton pad.
Housewives have long known the power of baking soda in the fight against pollution. Maybe she could wash and silver objects, but need to act without fanaticism, not to scratch the glossy surface. The method is suitable for small items, as the plates and spoons scratch would be too conspicuous. How to clean silver soda:
- Mix baking soda and a drop of water to form a slurry ..
- With your fingers or a soft cloth to apply the slurry to the surface of the product, lightly rub to a shine.
- Difficult place better clean with a toothbrush.
- Rinse with water decoration.
- Wipe dry.
Another quick, easy way - cleaning silver salt. It requires common salt, large or small, what is available, it does not matter. In a small bowl or a mug, the bottom of which is lined with foil, pour, sparing, salt, baking soda, pour liquid dishwashing. Decorations should be placed in this substance and boil for 10 minutes. Then rinse the product under running water and dry. This method is suitable for small items, such as rings, crosses, earrings, necklaces, coins. Plates, spoons, candlesticks, other kitchen utensils should be cleaned by other methods.
Ways to clean silver ammonia few. It can be used as pure alcohol, and its combination with other substances. Two ways of using only ammonia:
- Take one part of ammonia and 10 parts water to prepare a solution. Immersed in his product to soak. If silver secondary pollution, the treatment lasts from half an hour to an hour. Do not get too long to keep the silver in ammonia, it is necessary to monitor the bleaching process. Discard cloudy slightly products, you can simply wipe with a cotton pad moistened with smelling salts.
- For too blackened silver objects need pure ammonia. Processing time 15 minutes. Then rinse and silver obsushivayut.
Very interesting, effective and proven way - cleaning silver at home with foil. It is similar to a method of purification of salt, but in this case it is necessary to dissolve in 0.5 liter of water 2 tbsp. l. baking soda and put on the fire to a simmer. Then in boiling water drop silver and a slightly crumpled piece of foil. Hold silver product for a minute, then wash with water and dry. All you can do a photo products to share the recipe with friends.
Lighten antiques and jewelry will help cleaning silver citric acid or vinegar:
- It should be diluted in 0.5 liters of 100 grams acid solution was heated and put in a water bath.
- Lower into a container or a small piece of copper wire and silver. boiling time 15 to 30 minutes.
- Then, as usual, rinse and dry the object.
On cleaning properties of Coke around for a legend. Not only cleans the drink: tiles, sanitary ware, kitchen utensils! For family life - it is expensive and irrational process but cleaning silver Coca-Cola is readily available and does not hit too expensive. It is necessary to pour a small amount of Coca-Cola in a glass and drop to silverware. Lengthy process takes about 12 hours, but silver will shine like new.
On a lightly Discard cloudy decorations works well cleaning toothpaste silver. Smooth product can be wiped with cloth toothpaste, a decoration with a plurality of relief features is purified with a toothbrush. The paste choose without additives and dyes to impurities did not lead to unwanted reactions with the metal. After cleaning rinse thoroughly with products that did not form a white film, polish with a soft cloth.
In any jewelry store, you can find special products for cleaning silver. Ozvuchte issue consultant, but rather bring jewelery with you - he will recommend a suitable cleaner: wipes, liquid or paste. Specify whether a particular detergent for use with products stones: some can not tolerate aggressive cleaning, they are easily damaged.
Special cleaning solution of silver consists of organic solvents, phosphates, surfactants, perfumes, water. This is a strong cleaner, so it is not recommended to use it to brighten silver jewelry with pearls, amber, coral. For example, Aladdin liquid is a convenient container with a special basket and brush: the product is put into the basket, then it must be immersed directly in a jar, stand 30 seconds. Then rinse with water and silver polish cloth. The effect is visible on the first try, but there is a drawback - an unpleasant smell.
Specific liquids may be sold as a spray, such as a Chinese remedy Sunlight. It comes with a small brush for cleaning hard to reach places. As declared on the packaging, spray Sunlight is safe for all types of precious metals and stones. Means clear, no pungent smell, easy to use. We only need to sprinkle silver, stand a few minutes, and then rinse with water.
To cleanse the slightly darkened or lost luster novelty items recommended to use wipes for cleaning silver. There are wipes made of microfiber and do not contain chemicals that do not harm the metal and stone. In addition, in the shops you can buy disposable wipes impregnated with polishing jewelry, separately impregnated polishing jewelry with pearls and other organic gems. One such tissue is enough to grate to shine a small table service.
The thick cream or a paste for cleaning silver effectively cleans chronic black coating on jewelry, cutlery, aged subjects. Pasta has a delicate structure and does not leave scratches on the product. Before cleaning, it is necessary to degrease silver, washing it with warm water and soap or detergent. Then apply a little paste on a cloth and rub the product and leave it for a while, and then polish with a dry cloth.
How to clean silver on black
Cleaning silver house - troublesome, the product may be scratched or break stones. Most of the known methods, how to clean silver at home, discussed above. It remains to find out which of the techniques considered best used for jewelry products with stones, and a dish, cutlery, antiques and other items:
- Silverware, which will be visible scratches on the soda, it is better to clean the toothpaste. It just suited for objects that have not been hit hard by blackening. However, do not be too frequent use of the paste, it can cause the formation of micro-cracks in the metal. Spoons, forks, knives, purified soda, salt and foil. In this method of rubbing items is not necessary, dirt leaves when boiled.
- With small ornaments or coins easily cope eraser, but will have to work hard. Instead eraser some advise to use lipstick, causing a little on a soft cloth and rubbing the silver. Lipstick does not leave scratches and is easy to wash off with soap and water. For more shallow decorations suitable slurry of chalk and ammonia, which is applied to the product and then rinsed with water.
- Blackened silver is not worth blanch, trying to wash away the noble patina, depriving decoration of charm and sophistication.
How to clean silver chain
Many people think that the most difficult thing - cleaning silver chain, because there are smaller units, or spiral. However, applying the acquired knowledge about the methods of cleaning silver, can easily cope with this problem. It needs vinegar and 3 hours of time:
- Soak in the acid tenaciously without diluting it with water, and hold a specified time.
- Perhaps the process will go faster if the silver is not too advanced.
- Vinegar copes with very dark colors.
How to clean silver with stones
If scary ruin silver jewelry with stones household cleaning, it is better to clean the special fluids for professional cleaning. You can buy them in a jewelry store. They not only gently cleanse the silver, but also cover the surface of the protective film. It is important to know the characteristics of the stones in your jewelry:
- Turquoise does not tolerate moisture, lowered into the water it can not be categorically.
- Pearls can not tolerate ammonia and hydrogen peroxide, it is washed in soapy water solution.
- Amethyst and topaz easily withstand the impact of low concentration of alkalis and acids, but will not survive the high temperature - fade.
- Cubic zirconia, silica is not picky, they can be washed in soapy water.
How to clean silver at home: decorating, cooking utensils. The answers to all questions about home cleaning silver
Silver articles can be found in any home.
It can be cutlery, souvenirs and jewelry.
Over time, these cherished items covered by a dark patina (patina).
Patina silver covers products due to oxidation of copper, which is often contained in the alloy.
How to clean silver at home: the necessary tools and accessories
To effectively clean silver at home, you need to buy some tools. Ideally you should use special cosmetic products for the care of jewelry.
The main advantage of special funds for the precious metals is that they are after the application continue for some time to repel dirt and protect against oxidation.
They can be bought in a department with household goods or jewelry showrooms.
If you do not want to spend money, it will be useful or conventional toilet soap and a soft cloth.
How to clean silver at home: cutlery and utensils
Cutlery can most effectively be cleaned with a special detergent for silver and gold jewelry. Moreover, large objects (trays, pots, candlesticks) should be processed sprays and forks, spoons and knives - pasty substances. Blackened areas of enamel and must be protected from contact with them cleaner.
If a short time is required to remove a dark patina and dirt from a large number of utensils, it is useful to traditional methods.
This method should be used, if money is not blackened. The potatoes cook pot, after the potato is cooked, the water does not pour. Tubers need to pull out and laying a foil in the bottom of the tank. Then placed in a broth dirty articles and bring to a boil. Once the broth boils, diminish the fire and leave it on the stove for 15 minutes. It is necessary to cool the liquid and then pour. Rinse with cold water boiled devices, wipe with a soft dry cloth.
You can also use a wonderful vehicle - an ordinary baking soda. Take the container in which to put all need cleaning home silver at the bottom decompose the aluminum foil. How many liters of water are going to use, so diners need to pour soda spoons on the foil. Then pour the hot water, and hot water after complete dissolution of soda omit silverware. When the water has cooled, remove the silver from the solution, washed with soap devices, rinsed in running cold water and wiped dry.
How to clean silver at home: jewelry
The most convenient and fast way to remove dirt and patina is rubbing with a decoration of the finished cloth with the solution. They are universal, and sometimes differ in purpose. Some are made of gold and the other for cleaning silver. possible to use special fluids and tissues for cleaning any silver with stones of various kinds.
In urgent cases, with dirty and not very exquisite decorations you can get toothpaste and brush. Such a method is convenient in that toothpaste is at all, as the old brush for cleaning the teeth.
Smooth ring or any other simple shape made of silver can try to clean normal office eraser. I had not tried this method, and for good reason. The other day, sitting, watching TV series and in parallel rubbing eraser eraser small ring. What is surprising is this method works! But it is easy to guess that the decoration with patterns or large drawings massive product will not clear until the end, no matter how much the three.
If the jewelry inlaid stones, the effective use of the 10% percent of ammonia, which can be purchased at any pharmacy. It lowered subjected to cleaning product on the quarter hour. We get a decoration and determine purity, if you are not satisfied, you can re-leave to soak for 15 minutes. After you got the silver, be sure to rinse with clean water and wipe dry. Another type of silver cleaning using ammonia does not require immersion therein ornaments. You can simply take a piece of cloth and moisten it with ammonia. This cloth is required to wipe silverware to shine.
I will introduce you to the recipe more aggressive cleaning solution containing ammonia. It takes about 200 ml of water, a teaspoon of liquid ammonia, also at half teaspoon of liquid soap and hydrogen peroxide. All these ingredients are thoroughly mixed and the resulting drop the dirty decoration solution. From time to time it is necessary to remove the silverware and to evaluate the degree of purity. If the result satisfies you, then rinse with clean clothes and dry.
Vinegar is also one of the favorite by many housewives cleaners for silver at home. In general, it is very often used for other purposes, and very successfully. To remove dirt and patina with silver jewelry, a small amount of vinegar should be warmed up 40-60S on the stove. Taking off from the tile dish with vinegar, dip into it for 15-20 minutes darkened product. If the jewelry is not enough cleared, you can return it back to the vinegar. Do not forget after the procedure, wash clean clothes with clean water and wipe dry.
Citric acid is well to get rid of dark deposits on silver. Take an enamel bowl or pot and pour the water back. Add to citric acid in powder form. Utensils with a solution put on the stove and wait until boiling. While the water is boiling, you need to string on a copper wire rings, earrings, pendants, you are about to clean out the dirt. Jewelry with wire should be dipped in boiling liquid and keep them there for as long as the dirt does not come down. Typically up to complete cleansing takes place 20-30 minutes.
At worst, you can seek help from the salt. It can not be that you did not have it. For every 200 ml of water is poured on a teaspoon of common salt and stirred until complete dissolution. Place the dish with a saline solution to the plate. When the water starts to boil, put in a container silver ornaments 15-30 minutes. After this procedure, your silver should shine like new.
Common salt can be applied as one of the ingredients to obtain a solution that cleans the silver in the home. To do this you will need aluminum cookware (casserole or large deep bowl) water, any liquid dishwashing detergent, baking soda and regular table salt. Approximately 1 liter of water take one tablespoon of liquid detergent is added to 1 tablespoon of salt and baking soda. It is necessary to bring the solution to the boil, with abundant foam can be formed, and then have to turn down the power of the fire and put in boiling liquid is contaminated with silver ornaments. Simmered need to boil for 15-30 minutes. Do not cover the container lid and from time to time, check the boiling liquid.
It has long been known a method of purification of silver at home using tooth powder or baking soda. First of all take a powder (more), and water (a lot less). The consistency of the prepared cleaning agent to be pasty. Rub using soda or tooth powder can bare hands or cloth. If some areas are not cleared, then take the brush.
On the Internet you can find different ways to cleanse people from the silver patina. For example, using chicken eggs. After cooking the eggs only need in the remaining water drop silverware and after some time to remove. As planned by the need to remove the dirt. In fact, it was not a particularly effective way, but maybe I did something wrong.
How to clean silver at home and do not spoil it
If the product received the silver contact with a wet surface, or wet skin, then it is necessary to carefully wipe dry with a clean cloth.
When you do work at home, garden and kitchen garden, always remove the silver jewelry. This simple rule helps to preserve the purity and brilliance of rings and bracelets.
Before carrying out cosmetic procedures, or the application of funds for the skin do not forget to remove all jewelry from precious metals. Creams with sulfur promote the oxidation of silver and the loss of its beautiful appearance.
Products that do not often use, store in a dry place. It is necessary that the various silver items are not in contact with each other. So take any foil or ordinary plastic wrap and wrap individually in their jewelery or cutlery.
Products with pearls contraindicated cleaned with ammonia.
Practice shows that soda dentifrice and do not end up in dissolved form scratch the surface of silver. Formed small scratches and cracks accumulate inside the dirt, which will be very difficult to clean. Ammonia, tooth paste and vinegar and do not bring silverware good. It is better to use these substances for their intended purpose, otherwise you may get loss presentation of your favorite decorations and the family utensils.
Folk wisdom - as it is known, tested by our grandmothers and great-grandmothers, but nowadays we know that eggs contain sulfur so effectively clean silver at home with the help of an egg shell will not work.
To be calm for your favorite silver jewelry, cherished pottery and coins will still be better to entrust their professional means.
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Silver Shoe: choose the best means of
Jewelry and cutlery made of silver tend to darken over time. This comes from the fact that the metal is reacted with the sulfur contained in the sweat, and cosmetics, and in the air. In addition, the jewelry accumulate particles of various cosmetics, sweat and dust. A silverware periodically covered with fat bloom.
If you use silver products regularly, so that they look attractive and glittering, it is desirable to clean them once a month. Today the chemical industry offers various means for cleaning silver objects, a method for applying different cleaning materials: paste, spray, wipe impregnated composition. The advantage of chemical agents, cleaning silver, in front of home in the comfort of the application and impact speed. Even stubborn dirt leave a couple of minutes.
Special cleaners silver
"Aladdin". Cleaning fluid for silver products are sold in jewelry stores. The set of tools offered in the form of a solution may include a special basket, which is convenient to omit small jewelry (rings, earrings) directly into a jar with a solution, and polishing cloth. Do not use solution for cleaning articles with inserts from organic stones and enamel. Jars with liquid are of different volumes, there is also a special container with a solution for cleaning cutlery.
Lower silver object in a liquid "Aladdin" for 10-20 seconds. Then be sure to rinse and wipe with a cloth. If particularly dirty, you can hold the silver product in the liquid a little longer, but not more than 2 minutes. Work gloves is recommended. Besides cleaning fluid can be purchased silver polishing cloth "Aladdin". This cloth is made of pure cotton impregnated with a special solution, imparting luster silverware polishing and creating on the surface of a silver object protective film.
«Silbo». The German company «Silbo» offers its own set of tools, cleaning silverware. Among them, liquid, foam, cloth. Means carefully cleans the surface of the product, returns shine, creates a protective film that is easily washed off.
Before applying foam to its recommended cleaning shake. Apply the foam on a soft cloth and wipe the silver object. Leave for a few minutes and wipe again. Rinse with water, wipe off with a dry cloth and polish. Means can not be used for products with black, enamel, soft stones. On steel products this tool can stain.
Using liquid «Silbo» in a jar, put your silverware in a sieve, which is included, and lower in the liquid for 4-8 minutes. Rinse off all means of clean water and wipe dry with a soft cloth.
Jewelry cosmetics "Thurman". Special means "purifier of silver", "Thurman" Moscow company - is a concentrated solution, ready for use. The solution contains an acid. It can not be used for cleaning items with pearls, blackening, enamel. After cleaning product wash and how to wipe the polishing cloth.
«Talisman». St. Petersburg Company «Talisman» produces a set of tools, cleaning silver - are liquids, foams, solutions for silverware, napkins cleaning and polishing. The detergent composition contains acid, the product must therefore after treatment with water and soap and dry microfibre cloth.
For greater effect, before you clean the silverware by any means, and wash them with soap and water. Thus, you remove dirt and greasy coating, and cleaning agent blackening quickly removed, will give a shine product. To thoroughly clean hard to reach areas of jewelry, take a toothbrush with soft bristles.