- 1 How to make a wooden fence: step by step instructions (3 photos)
- 2 A fence made of boards: a variety of options and build with their own hands
- 3 All the rules create a fence made of boards with their own hands
How to make a wooden fence: step by step instructions (3 photos)
In recent years, more and more often you can see not only new wooden houses, but also fences. The people are on the move deliberately: very much interesting products are obtained. They even agree to regularly touch up, and how many will stay, and will stay so. If you belong to the lovers of this wood, you can be useful photo reports about how people built a wooden fence with their hands. Used usually interesting solutions. It may not always be 100% correct, but it works.
Photos from 1: conventional fence boards (fence)
This fence set with the help of periodic - the employed, the volunteers, but most of the collected of the fence with their hands master. The board first treated and then delivered to the site ready for use.
This view of the site with the established pillars
The main work was done before winter - were dug augers, rent, fossa. Main see that the drill was nestochenym. Then the process is difficult, even on normal ground. We have so it was: the first day only drilled 6 wells and depressed: this is how much do everything else? Good neighbor suggested to replace the blade. With the new cutting part of the rest made of daylight. Drilled slightly below the depth of soil freezing. Freezes to 1.2 meters, depth of holes - 1.3 meters (reassurance "just in case"), the distance between the holes 3 m cord taut between the angular marks, marked up to 3 m plots (throwing board).. The result was exactly.
After the wells was poured on crushed stone bucket, inserted sleeve, folded in two layers of roofing material. This sleeve was inserted into the pillars 60 * 60 mm with a wall of 3 mm. These were pre-welded onto the bottom sections of reinforcement - to better kept, and even corner "sorokovke" a future fixture lag. Poles before installation rather long before it, sanded and coated with first antirzhavchinoy, then two coats of paint.
Poles installed in wells
The most important thing to expose the pillars right. We did it too with the help of a cord. Exposed corner posts strictly on the level. First one put that it was sticking by 1.8 meters, and then it was postponed by a laser level to the second, which stands on the same level. This operation was repeated with all the "steps". Braces and stops helped hold the key until the pillars, the concrete poured mark M 200. After the solution was grasped between the pulled filaments pillars - one above the tops of the pillars noted, the second middle height - guided by it at exhibiting other pillars.
After the poured concrete (a few days) all the pillars, started pouring cap. Portable formwork made of pine boards. Transposing it gradually filled basement. We do not bury deep - only removed the sod. The result was the pillars between which is filled with concrete strip.
Before installation shtaketin
The wood was dry, painted antiseptic composition that the color is slightly lightened. A light board. To set poles attached supporting bars - joists - section 50 * 100 mm. On the top of the bar deliberately allowed. First, apparently prefer, secondly, the ends of the boards with open pores reserved. This strip was fixed to the first predetermined level by the board and the auxiliary, which was set after three meters. Because it is attached, one by one board.
Start the installation of the fence
When installing the fence it is important to establish the first board vertically. Checking plumb line (a couple of times cheated level, so now everywhere, where important vertical, check the plumb line). Next business equipment. Mounted boards are not close, and with a gap of 1.2 cm to gap was maintained stably, the thickness of such board is found (lining) and cut off a piece of the same length as the fence - 1.8M work is as follows:.. And take finished shtaketinu lining strip. To have nailed putting a bunk, her prop shtaketinoy, align the top, then fasten the two screws to each lag. As a result, a gap is obtained the same. But this trick is possible, if the board has the ideal geometry.
Clearances are the same everywhere
Relative gap. Size (1.2 mm) proved to be ideal. If you look from the outside - you can not see anything, but from within Street well in sight.
View from the side portion
As for the advantages of a wooden fence: the neighbors who have fence of corrugated obzavidovalis: summer in my yard was cool, they - like an oven, under the fence burned all the flowers. We - a riot of colors until late autumn.
This view from the side
Photos from 2: horizontal fence edging board "checkerboard"
This fence is like a fairy tale. It is partly intended to independently holder portion. Hired workers digging holes, set poles. Metal work - cutting the tops of the pillars and brewing - the merit of another. The rest, including the processing and assembly of board fence sections made master hands and his wife (Paint).
Used unedged board 20 mm thick, flat polished faces at lisopilke (in agreement), wane filmed independently and then polished machine, then coated with an antiseptic "loofah" water-based color tick. Applied with a wide brush in two layers. Here are the results of labor.
Fence edging board
Used on pillars profiled metal tube of square cross section 60 * 60 mm, wall thickness 3 mm. In it the two sides attached edged boards 150 * 30 mm. Fastened at a distance of 10 cm from the top and then at 100 cm and 190 cm. Formed "sandwich of two boards, bored through, all bolts with self-centering washer.
How did the pillars
Poles total height of 3 m to 1 m are concreted into the ground. Exhibited on the cord, stretched between the preset control posts. The procedure is standard, unusual only that the tip (2 meters that remain above ground) to roll up the film. The decision proved to be correct: after the transportation and concreting film was dirty, and the wood beneath it - clean. Film is removed after the concrete has dried.
Pillars exhibited in the line and the first run of the assembled
The order of assembly is as follows:
- Choosing the first board with a flat lower edge.
- Measure the distance between the posts, saw off a piece from the board 1 cm shorter than the distance measured (normally to become).
- Coat with sawed-off end of the antiseptic.
- Install the first plank 5 cm above the ground, fix the clamps. The inside edge of each twirl two self-tapping screws (45 mm).
- Installing the vertical. We find the middle, insert the bar into the earth does not rest, hanging edge. Fix two screws mounted at the top of the board.
- Installation of a new bar. It should overlap even the biggest bottom lip. it also covers the screws that hold the bar high.
This sequence is stored to the top. So gradually dialed run. Please note that the former Wane have beveled edges, they all look "outside": that the raindrops rolled out.
Gradually, one after the other runs, develops fence
To get a flat top edge, they chose, cut, stained with antiseptic and fastened then - under the final, aligning all the tops in one line.
Photos from 3: wicker fence of wood
Another embodiment is configured substantially "solo". Wicker wooden fence with their hands raised almost without foreign participation. Sometimes assistants - to paint columns - working wife, a second assistant - dog.
The result of such a wooden fence))
For horizontal fence bent boards, which is also called braid, and sometimes - Austrian interlaced, the following materials were used:
- for pillars profiled tube 60 * 60 mm, 2.7 m installation step;
- edged, planed 100 * 20 mm and a length of 6 m;
- intermediate beams 50 * 50 mm, but it is better to take less - it is more convenient to bend;
The board decided to paint antiseptic with dark pigment, poles - light gray. From afar on a dark background stitches. Who does not like - paint to match the board.
Painted pillars, and the first three boards, braided between two extremes
Most of the time consuming painting and drying boards. If they are ready, everything is going quite quickly: mount a minimum, only the first is attached to the board level, the others are set on it. Six-meter boards, braided around the three pillars. The distance between the pillars of the order of 5.4 -5.5 m and the residue sticks, but the result looks original.
Fence-braid from the boards easier to collect no runs, and horizontal - for a few intertwining boards along the entire length
The main focus - to weave the first three boards. they are simply stacked without intermediate bars, two on one side on the edge, with one another. Then they need to be positioned so that they are one above the other. If there are two assistants - they keep the board in the next two columns, and a third person yoke boards and inserts the intermediate timber. After the first set of three boards, exposed on the lower level and is screwed to the posts (zasvelivaem hole and then screwed into screw).
What is near and under the angle
If you make wicker wooden fence made of boards with their hands in the assembly is more convenient not to put span and go horizontally. First braided the entire length of the bottom three boards, exposed level and secured. Then collected the other - as the paint dries.
This is the front view. Visible "tails", where the start and end of the board, but they do not spoil the picture, and add zest
A simpler option - only three pillars and shorter boards - is shown in the video. Here columns are made of wood, it is a technology of their installation. Good video - the whole installation process is clear.
In all three examples clearly seen two phases which, if a wooden fence to do with your hands, take a lot of time. First - installation of pillars and fill the foundation or base. The second - the work on preparation of wood. If the site is new, not habitable, there are problems with safety, and the painting process, and, moreover, grinding - long. It makes sense to buy the timber in advance and prepare, handle it in the studio or in the garage. When the time comes to put a wooden fence, ready to take the material to the site immediately before installation.
If all the materials are ready, a wooden fence with their hands, you can do fairly quickly. Yourself installation wood takes a very long time. Of the entire duration of the construction of 40% of the time is spent on preparing the boards, another 20% - on training posts if they are metallic and 10% - if the wood, even 20% of their installation (poles). Accordingly, the assembly has to do not so much time.
A fence made of boards: a variety of options and build with their own hands
When it comes to the fence of the estate, the board is most often relegated to the latest plan. This material is widely seen time and creative goals.
However, in recent years, the construction board fence changed significantly. they turned into masterpieces of wooden architecture of the primitive "ladders". Excellent appearance, ease of installation and minimal cost of attracting the attention of many owners of country houses.
In this article we offer an overview of modern fences of boards, and practical advice on their production. We hope that after meeting with the presented options you change your mind and build a beautiful and practical wooden fence in the country with their own hands.
To install a wooden fence do not need to strain your imagination and test their design talents. Dozens of interesting species of protections already built and sealed in the photo.
The easiest option - horizontal fence slabs. Its cost is minimal and the aesthetic quality of high. Before installing the slabs need to refine grinding, roasting and tinted lacquering. Otherwise, its appearance will cause association with pasture cattle.
Another piece of advice. Wooden fence edging board looks perfect with wooden buildings. On below pictures white house walls and columns of the input group poorly combined with a wooden fence.
In the construction of the runs of the planks are fixed between two wooden posts. The rain ends racks protects inclined strip. The most vulnerable spot - wood contact and concrete demands high-quality insulation. Here you need to use the modern impregnation, antiseptics or plaster with hot bitumen.
Very nice in the enclosure looks croaker, purified from cortex and arranged overlapped. He is nailed to wooden poles. It covers the front seam edging board. Easy to manufacture slats overhang of crowned design.
Another interesting option - "artificial" croaker. In this case, the edge of the boards are cut so that they form a symmetrical pattern.
wood trim on the pillars of processed dark stain to create a color contrast.
Method "decorative rotation" is equally acceptable for slabs, and for the edged boards. In the latter case we have an aesthetic fence-blinds. it looks dull when direct gaze. However, due to the gaps between the slats, this design is not only well aerated, but also partially transmits sunlight.
Twine plants like these fences and quickly turn them into flowering trellis.
We note in passing that the best basis for fixing the fence boards - metal bars. Compromise - incorporation in the concrete of steel from scraps yokes shaped tube. They inserted a wooden rack and fixed with screws.
With a little imagination and a nondescript slab lagging, turns into design fence guarding the "kingdom Berendey".
Poles for such a fence can be cut from a cheap sticks-thinners. The natural form of this material perfectly fit into the "country design" selected for the fences.
Classic fence (planed board with a rounded edge) remains relevant element entrainment structure. The only condition - not to paint his dull green or brown paint. It is better to treat with antiseptic strips and unpack a couple of times a good varnish. Wood after a finishing sparkle with golden hues and will stay for 10 years longer.
If you like stained wood, use for this purpose, the dark brown paint. It will reliably protect the fence from moisture and give it a refined look.
Deaf fence edging board looks better when vertical bars are not fitted with one, and overlap on both sides. This mounting scheme creates a rhythmic stepped structure. The ends of the top cover boards planed bar. Decorative belt frame mounted in the lower part of the fence.
Deaf fence will not look dull if its constructive scheme implemented arched lattice from thin strips.
Choosing material for a fence, pay attention to the decking. It is strong, durable and expressive. Secure it to the metal poles, installed in a concrete foundation.
The photograph below shows an embodiment of double horizontal mounting decking (fence-American). To increase rigidity in the middle part of the span are the vertical bars.
Such a fence can not be called cheap, but it is very durable and beautiful. Decking made of colored wood-polymer composite, and does not require painting.
The intake design board can be combined with the bar. Below we see the fence option, which is mounted outside the timber, and the board is nailed inside. Her joints are not visible, because their covers timber. Brown tinted wood to contrast with the white cap attached to a solid design and a good view.
On the facade of this fence is made continuous. On the side of the fence at the bottom of the board is not present. The decision was taken to improve the ventilation area.
Russia is far from the United States, but the romance of the cowboy ranch and got to us. On a spacious plot, distant from other buildings, looks great low fence in country style. His foundation - the thick wooden poles, which on the one hand horizontally nailed three belts of boards. At the top of the piece of wood allowed a cross, closing open "windows" section.
If someone tells you that out of the board can be woven fences, no doubt. Today it is a fashionable topic. Looks wicker fence planks great, and its mounting options, there are many.
Board braided fences should not be very thick. Therefore, buying the stock edged "thirty", you can safely prostrogat it on both sides to a thickness of 25 mm. Optimal strap width from 8 to 10 cm.
The simplest version of such a fence wall resembles a summer gazebo. Made of wooden slats openwork panels, they are fixed to the posts. Along the contour of the contrast can be nailed framing of dark board.
And here is another, no less interesting plank network.
Here thin planed board thickness of 25 mm and a length of 2.5 meters in a staggered is attached to the posts. Bending it attaches the original mounting method: securing the ends of the boards alternately on one and on the other side of the wooden racks. In the middle of the span is vertical rail, fixing bend. Places mounting boards to the studs covered with slats.
No worse it looks vertical weaving boards. In this case, the answer to the question how to better use the board fence, is clear: at a length of 2 meters easiest bent strap, not more than 16 mm and a width of 8 cm.
All good wicker fence, but it can be improved by combining with a picket fence.
This design is quite complicated to install, but its picturesque appearance justifies all the effort.
Those who wish to build an exclusive fence boards should contact an experienced master. Only he will be able to assemble a structure imprinted in this photograph.
Each board for such a fence is cut separately, based on the pattern section. On its end faces and side faces connecting thorns cut that principle puzzle board interconnected are fixed to the posts and to the bottom belt.
Practical recommendations for the installation of a fence made of boards
Advice that we have given in the course of the article, should be supplemented with parameters of basic elements plank fencing:
- The size of the cross-section of wooden pillars - 10x10 cm.
- In case of use for the steel profile struts should its cross section be not less than 40x40 mm (2 mm wall).
- Horizontal crossbars (runs) must have a section at least 30x50 mm at step uprights 2 meters.
- For ease of installation of wooden girders, steel supports needed to weld the mounting plates "ears" to the drilled holes in them screws.
On the materials procurement stage, the question arises, how to calculate how many boards must be on the fence. He just solved. If a solid fence, its overall length should be multiplied by the height and thickness of the boards to be purchased.
For trellis fence picket calculation do differently. Given the selected step splines determine their number per 1 linear meter of rail. The obtained pieces multiplied by the total length of the fence, and if necessary converted into cubic meters by multiplying the total area of the thickness of a single strap.
Another important point - the paint fence boards? If you save on a paint, the fence will have to update more often. Therefore, we recommend to buy expensive paint for exterior use. Prior to its application board treat hot linseed oil or antiseptic impregnation. Paint consumption is minimal and impregnation by applying them to the planed board. Keep in mind this caveat when choosing the material.
Given the large area plank fence, paint it must be roller or spray gun. Omissions and flaws that occurred during the work corrected a paint brush.
New on site
Seedlings develop and expand vegetative mass in a limited volume of substrate. And this volume.
Winter - an ordeal for pets. Especially hard it is transferred laying hens. Short.
New Year's vanity with gifts and drawing festive menu applies to home interior decoration.
Comfortable country house, built away from the gas supply networks is impossible without the stove. In the cold.
Illumination of the area suburban area is regarded as a separate stage arrangement planning zones.
Ordinary phrase of dog's life these days is only applicable to the homeless dogs. .
Acquiring land and making a plan of the future house, be sure to think about the placement.
The last 10 years on the vegetable growing and gardening seminars and forums is an active discussion.
It's hard nowadays to find someone who has not heard anything about the plates.
Looking at the bags of cement and a pile of sand, not every developer feels.
All the rules create a fence made of boards with their own hands
Processed safety equipment board fencing is much longer
Building beautiful and sustainable fence in a country house or cottage is a necessity for many property owners. Fence gives psychological comfort and protects against unexpected "attacks" neighboring chickens or children, allowing for outdoor recreation in the gazebo or read a book on a bench, without fear of prying eyes of passers-by.
Wooden fence with their hands to make simple, only need to arm yourself with knowledge, patience, materials and tools. But before proceeding to manufacturing process, find a brief information about Wood constructions.
Advantages wooden fence
Fence wooden board - clean and attractive design
Along with fences made of metal, are becoming increasingly popular structures made of wood. What benefits will receive the owner of a wooden fence:
- environmental friendliness and safety of buildings of wood;
- creating unique rural atmosphere (old "noble nest" cowboy farm);
- ease of processing of materials made of wood;
- a wide variety of wood species such as oak, ash, linden, willow, hazel and other;
- inexpensive material compared with a brick or stone.
Disadvantages of wood with proper handling and preparation can easily be addressed, most importantly, to choose the right protection against damage and adverse factors. In this case will help the mandatory processing of wood preservatives and different compositions.
Wooden fence distinguished both by type of "raw material" for the fences, and in the configuration arrangement boards methods, since the foundation or supports.
Types of columns and foundations for a fence made of wood
Application of a metallic material to shield the supports of the boards
The main part of the structure, bearing the brunt - pillars. They have not only a supporting function, but also decorative in some cases. Supports for wooden fence can be metal, brick, wood:
- Metal poles for the fence is the most common type, they are durable and strong.
- Brick columns give solidity fence and look great. The only negative - the high cost of bricks.
- Wooden poles for wood fence - a classic design. Construction is carried out as the pillars of round logs and square logs. Pre-need to do the treatment and antiseptic prosmolit support.
To protect the wood from the adverse factors in contact with the ground, should be built on the foundation of the fence tape or bar.
Strip foundations set for heavy fences of brick or concrete. Construction of a wooden fence in combination with a brick pillars also requires the strip foundation.
Columnar foundations make for light structures of wood or mesh netting where the main burden of weight take the poles.
Light and the original design of the boards to give
What types of enclosures are suitable for decorating a summer residence, and which for a country house?
Wicker fence of willow or hazel will fit for the garden. However, before you build it, you will need to prepare the rods for fences and cover them with protective impregnation.
If the wooden fence with their hands to do in the traditional style, it is suitable for Russian log hut, and for any other country home. The more traditional hurdle involves a lot of options and braiding patterns.
Kind of wattle - "twist" of the boards. Decorative fence, the passage of air and creates the effect of the basket. To build such a fence is not easy, but it's worth it. This type will look beautiful on the front in a private home, especially if it is to frame a stone.
Fence - the most simple form, the contemporary of our grandparents differ by simplicity of design and installation, it is appropriate in any territory with a corresponding frame.
Construction fencing "grille" is conducted with the use of strips arranged in different directions. Direction may be vertical, horizontal and diagonal. In combination with metal or brick pillars grille looks interesting, and becomes expensive kind that is in demand from the owners of villas and cottages.
In cottage grating is constructed to support climbing plants (vines, of different colors, the same cucumber) and used as a decorative element in the apparatus or arbor frontage.
"Ranch" - "Transparent" look for the protection of farms and areas for horse riding. Boards are fixed to each other by a large skylight. When installing more frequent lath structure successfully applied in the country at the garden fence.
Schematic display of ways to weave the fence boards
The most modern form of the fence - a fence made of boards, with their hands to build it is not as difficult as it seems at first glance.
To work required:
- Supporting pillars 3 meters long.
- Planed boards 6 meters long and 25 mm thick.
- Nails or screws.
- Boer gasoline.
- Schebonka and concrete.
- The intermediate board 2 meters long, 25 mm thick.
The span of not more than 3 meters, the use of thin planks spans between columns should be reduced to 2.5-2 meters.
The distance between the primary and intermediate pipe should equal the length of the board plus 3-4 cm.
The support posts set in concrete, it is desirable as a wide span creates an increased load on the bearing and windage increases sampling.
Reference! Sail - this property subjects perceive the kinetic energy of the air, if the subject has a high sail, it easily gives in to wind gusts and can "fly".
The distance between the ground and the bottom edge of the fence must be at least 10-15 cm. In order to design does not slide down, set the cross beam fixed by nails or screws for wood.
For protection against rot, wooden poles bottom (100 x 100 mm) was treated with hot tar or a coal fired to peel appearance. Top Cut down at an angle, so decrease the destructive influence of snow or rain in the tree. Metal pipes or profiles primed and close top "snout" (cover) (40 x 40 mm, metal thickness of 2 mm).
Sketch indicating the direction of weaving a fence boards
First you need to make a layout area by using pegs and string. Recognize and measure the distance between supports, do not forget about the gate and gate. By marking along the line of rope drill drill holes with a diameter of 25 cm and a depth of 100 cm.
Covered with sand on the bottom of the pits, then gravel 1/3 lengths, compacted and set the poles, their cementing and smoothing height with the help of leveling.
While the cement hardens, process Planed boards with primer and impregnated against pests.
Set vertical boards 25 mm thickness and 100 mm in width between the bearings, they will serve to create a pattern "Braids".
The first lower timber installed at a distance of 15-20 cm from the ground, fastening strength for screws. Similarly, fix the upper bar. Weaving starts at the top. Binded board as basket weave in a checkerboard pattern.
When the work is finished, the cover surface fence varnish after drying - 2-3 lacquer or enamel paint layer.
Creating fence "lattice" from the board in two embodiments,
Easy and practical fence "grid" boards
During the construction of the fence often arise directly opposite goals. First Objective - outdoor suburban area with grape support function. With this task cope traditional grille fence, plant it built with holes not less than 10-15 cm in diameter.
To install the lattice makes the "frame" of the strips of greater width and thickness. After doing this "grid", with its slats parallel to each other and perpendicular. Location rails equally spaced at an angle to each other requires precision and a good eye.
Poles adjusted based on the size of the lattice width and mounted on supports crossbar. Screw spacer therebetween, after which fastens itself "grid".
Second task - you need to open the country site and the winds, the soil dries out faster, and close it from the prying eyes of neighbors. In this case, it helps slatted fence planks, with your hands it can be done even from untreated boards. The singularity of this fence is that it resembles the blinds, making it so they called in their design.
The pillars of this type is set as metal and wood, preparation and installation of wooden poles is the same as for taking "network." Metal pipes on top of clapboard, which is attached to the horizontal boards - slats.
Setting the "plates" consists in fastening roofing screws (35-50 mm) of the first board at an angle so that a lower edge slats could stick next to 1.7-2 cm.
Just by placing under the bottom edge of the previous board next, finish the fence. Last lamella set without tilting.
- All about how to install the fence of slab with his own hands
- The nuances of the selection and erection of fences of timber
- The use of acrylic paints for painting fences
For this article are no comments yet. Be the first to comment.
Copying of materials is permitted only with indication of source.