- 1 Composting toilets to give: types and working principle
- 1.1 biotoilet device for questioning: how it works
- 1.2 What are the best toilets for cottages
- 1.3 Apparatus liquid chemical dry closet to give
- 1.4 Peat biotoilets device for giving and how it works (with photos)
- 1.5 Two-chamber composting toilet composting for garden
- 1.6 Reagents for the care of a bio toilet
- 2 Biotoilet to give an odorless and pumping - how it works. Where to buy and how to choose a bio-toilet for the villas with prices
- 3 Which home to choose a bio-toilet
Composting toilets to give: types and working principle
Installing biotoilet to give more expensive than the construction of the yard pit latrines, but it is much hygienic as biologically active substances used in these devices, is capable of eliminating odors and kill germs. In addition, all types of composting toilets for the cottages can be placed directly in the garden house, which is very convenient for truckers with children.
biotoilet device for questioning: how it works
If you do not want to use conventional street wooden toilet, then you can consider other options needed improvement. Major inconvenience when using the toilet often occur due to lack of flushing the system, in such cases it is advisable to opt for a unit of biological toilet.
Application of compact portable biological toilets and composting toilets can solve the problem of the device to give inside the house, especially in inclement weather.
In various designs such toilets usually have the following dimensions:. 32 X 38 X 31 cm or 45 x 45 x 42 cm Often the volume of the receiving tank of the toilet may be small, so this toilet is not convenient for people with permanent residence outside the city.
How does the composting toilet to give and what are its advantages? The operating principle of dry closets to give based on the cleavage of biologically active waste liquid, which is capable of eliminating odors and kill germs. Another advantage lies in the fact that the biological toilets do not need to connect to communications. The most convenient are composting toilets, which can be easily installed in the right place at home, if necessary, cottages, cabins or special single economic unit, located on the site. Due to the low weight of such construction toilet can be placed even in a temporary annexe or wooden summer toilet stall. There are different types of composting toilets for the cottages, equipped with heating elements, allows to operate such a device, even in winter.
What are the toilets to give and how they work, you will find on this page.
What are the best toilets for cottages
Manufacturers produce composting toilets, which have different systems of processing of biological waste, but in principle there is a universal type of such a toilet, which is a normal holding tank.
Such toilet needs regular cleaning. The main disadvantage of its design is the impossibility of processing the contents in it and destroy odors.
To some extent the odor problem can be solved by using a special peat absorber, but there is another problem - the acceleration of waste accumulation. The toilets of the type recommended emptied several times a day.
Before you choose a bio-toilet to give, you must take into account the conditions of its operation, the number of people who will use it, operating temperature and the ability to connect to the mains. No less important is the cost of such a device. Not always the most expensive model is the most suitable. In addition, choosing a certain type of biological toilets, one should remember that all of these structures need to access or to sewers or to the compost heap.
As seen in the photo, toilets for the cottages can be detachable and cluster:
Releasable devices generally consist of two separate parts in a certain way interconnected. If necessary, they can be separated, and then empty the holding tank. Cassette toilets are monolithic one-piece installation having special containers (cassettes), which are in their lower part. In such tapes, the separate accumulation of solid and liquid wastes. Cassettes can be easily removed and emptied as they are filled.
The video 'closets to give "you can see how they work:
Apparatus liquid chemical dry closet to give
chemical biotoilet device to give the following: the upper part is equipped with a pump, the seat and lid. It is poured ordinary water for flushing waste. To eliminate unpleasant odors in the water it is recommended to add special flavor liquid. The lower part is a receiving sealed tank where by means of special fluids decomposition and deodorization of waste.
Drives some designs of chemical composting toilets for cottages are equipped with full indicator. Chemical bio-toilet is considered the most comfortable among the other biological toilets.
Such toilets many advantages: they have a small size and weight, so it is possible to transfer designs.
Disinfectant in liquid chemical biotoilets consumed fairly economical: it is enough just 5 ml of the liquid to 1 liter of the volume of the lower tank. The main drawback of liquid dry closet is a need to give a regular purchase of consumables: waste solvent and deodorant liquid.
In addition, there is one major drawback of using such a toilet. Useful chemical reagents biotoilet-heat (disinfectant fluid) is applied to certain harmful nature, and processed by these impurity substances can not be used as fertilizer.
Peat biotoilets device for giving and how it works (with photos)
How is and how it works peat biotoilet to testify, what are its advantages? Compost, peat or biological toilet consists of the two reservoirs. The lower reservoir is designed to lay a certain amount of peat. It aerobic decomposition of the waste occurs, and then further processing for use as a fertilizer to suburban area. For the flow of this process requires a constant flow of air.
Filled lower tank belongs to the peat biotoilet device for house, can be easily detached, and for transferring this to the location half toilet waste have special pens. Due to the special valve can be carefully emptied the contents of the tank.
Special peat mixture contains microorganisms which are able to process waste. In addition, it includes disintegrants, enhancing the access of air, and odor absorbers. During operation of such a mixture for peat biotoilet for giving necessary metered feeding into the storage tank through a feed opening. Its application allows you to effectively remove odors and recycle waste in an environmentally friendly compost.
As can be seen in the photo, peat toilets to testify are most often equipped with natural ventilation system:
With the help of gaseous products odorless aerobic decomposition are deduced to the atmosphere and the liquid part of the waste stream passes into the irrigation system through a special drain fitting or evaporates. Cleaning of composting toilets are recommended once every two months.
There is another advantage peat biological toilet, which consists in that reactive liquid is not utilized. The volume of compost through supplementary aeration significantly reduced, and the process of maturation is accelerated. Since the period between cleanings is one month, then the system must be emptied three times during the summer season. The delivery of such toilets receiving tank includes often, cover, is rotated by 180 °, and a ventilation duct length of 4 m.
Two-chamber composting toilet composting for garden
The advantage of the two-chamber composting dry closet to give is that it is possible to use a second chamber at a time when the first toilet chamber is cleaned and recharged. At the bottom of each chamber is a grid through which access is provided by the air in the chamber. Two tubes located in each chamber operate their function of ventilation and air under the grid with compost. For a normal compost maturation process should be maintained at a temperature between +10 ° C, so the cold season so toilet must be equipped with a heating function.
Such a composting toilet can be improved by arranging a grid concreted pallet equipped with drain filter in the trench for liquid waste. This tray is necessary to lay the heating cable. heating device will allow to use composting toilet in the cold season without any problems. In the warmer months it is recommended to build a simple trap for the control of insects in the toilet.
In regions with a lot of sunny days, you can use unusual solar composting toilet with activation. Unlike conventional composting toilet it is that this system has a relatively large venting capability that facilitates the acceleration of recycling. Plastic perforated pipe which extends through the working capacity of the system, giving additional air flow.
Thanks to the solar heating panel system is completely non-volatile. It works on the principle of the greenhouse, where the sun is used which heats the air. Depending on the climate characteristics of solar heating can be replaced by a conventional forced.
Reagents for the care of a bio toilet
Now that you know how to choose a bio-toilet for the cottages, familiarize yourself with how to care for them. Special care products bio toilet needed for neutralization and disposal of human waste. These preparations should work on the basis of natural components.
The use of reagents for dry closet allows exposure of live bacteria to process waste so that then they can be disposed of without any harm to the environment. These bacteria produce special enzymes that are capable of destroying organic waste in the receiving vessel composting toilets. Typically, such formulations are composed of the saturated mixture of natural microorganisms useful and relevant enzymes. They quickly and effectively neutralize a variety of unpleasant odors of organic origin.
Various products for portable toilets care products can be purchased at specialty stores. When buying these funds need to examine closely the composition of the reagent and the properties listed on the packaging. By using such tools it is important to ensure the safety of the environment. When choosing reagents, special attention should be paid to ensure that the processed and refined by these means effluent was allowed to pour out on the ground or in the compost heap. Reagents may contain useful natural concentrated mixture of bacteria, nutrients, amino acids, minerals and enzymes, but their composition should not include formaldehyde and quaternary ammonium compounds.
The main means for biotoilet quality criteria are the ability to dissolve the solid waste, thus forming stones destroy clusters gases to discharge the waste into the soil and their further use as compost. With proper selection of reagents for dry closets problems with its service will not arise.
Biotoilet to give an odorless and pumping - how it works. Where to buy and how to choose a bio-toilet for the villas with prices
Fans pastime in the country faced with the problem of arrangement of the toilet. Many of the old building a small booth with a cesspool, but because times change, and to replace the old structures come new technology to buy and use a composting toilet to testify without pumping.
Bio-toilet of a type similar to the cottage with a conventional toilet in the apartment. The only difference is that it is enclosed in a plastic container. The design consists of a small size and a cistern tank which contains microorganisms. Biotoilet to give an odorless and eco-friendly pump. This is its main advantage. Waste falling inside, processed, for which meet the specific bacteria.
Toilet in the country without the smell has its drawbacks - sooner or later it has to be cleaned. Fortunately, it is not so often, and depends on the volume of the container and the number of visits. Besides recycled wastes do not have a specific odor, and, depending on the method of processing of which more will be said below, can be used in household needs as fertilizer.
How does the composting toilet to give
The design is completely independent and does not need a water supply and sewerage. The principle of operation biotoilet to give an odorless and pumping is simple: in a special tank filled with pure water is used for flushing impurities. All of this is given in a special tank, located at the bottom, where the cause received special bacteria. They not only decompose the waste products, but also relieve them of the smell. Furthermore, biotoilet equipped nonreturn valve, which does not allow smells penetrate outwardly.
Adaptations are performed in different embodiments, so they can be divided in several kinds. According to the method of mobility is accepted to allocate following kinds of composting toilets without pumping:
- Mobile. Structures consisting of two modules, the first of which - a container of water and the seat itself, and the second - storage.
- Semi. Externally, they are the same size with the usual toilets, with the only difference being that they use a drive, rather than drainage system.
- Stationary. Rarely found in home gardens. Installed in places with large crowds in markets, car parks, in the places of public festivals and so on.
According to the type of operation can be divided into three groups of biotoilets:
environmentally friendly components used for processing waste. It can be a peat (which is usually not suitable - it is necessary to use a special, with a large number of microorganisms), sawdust, etc. The essence of his work is simple: to waste crumbles peat mixture, the organisms inside which make it processed... Recycled material can be used as fertilizer for plants, pre-preparing it into a compost pit.
Dry closets Peat also called compost. It does not require pumping and can be installed indoors or outdoors. If it is assumed that they will continually use more than two people, it is advisable to make a withdrawal for the outflow of fluid and install a ventilation window or a sewer pipe to remove odors. Emptied the toilet as far as accumulation, although you can make it on your own.
He managed to gain fame not only abroad but also in Russia. To supply the necessary electrical biotoilet voltage of 220 V and a grounded outlet. device operating principle is simple: for liquid waste separated (removed through a special hose) and solids that are dried and, when filling the tank, recycled or used as fertilizer. Installing biounitaza involves equipping ventilation is mandatory.
In most cases, the chemical bio-toilet - a small device that is very comfortable to use because there's no need to build pumping ventilation and produce. It consists of two parts, the bottom is filled with a chemical reagent, decontamination waste products and blocking passing odors. Among the chemical dry closets isolated cassette option. It is installed permanently, and the capacity for sewage is in the rear of the cabin door compartment.
How to use homemade bio toilet
In simple layman should have no problem, how to use bio toilet to give, because the process does not differ from the ordinary use of the toilet. Immediately after use, dry closet to wash off the dirt. For this purpose, an electric pump or a valve, which water is supplied. The peat compost toilet for this purpose a mixture of peat or other natural absorbent.
it needs to be emptied, because pumping is not provided during the filling of the waste container. The periodicity of this action, judging by the reviews, depends solely on the size of the receiver and the number of persons using the device. a special indicator is used in liquid model, which gives a sign that the drive is full. After draining the sewage biounitaz to wash and replace.
How to choose a bio-toilet for questioning
Each model has both undeniable advantages and disadvantages. Buying a composting toilet, you should choose the method of processing that matches the available opportunities. This rate depends on the presence in the water portion sewage (septic). An important will the presence of air in the room where the toilet is located. Reviews suggest that buying peat or compost option, it is worth considering whether the possibility of delivery to the place of the absorbent toilet location.
In addition to the width, height, depth and color to choose biotoilet to testify without affecting pumping, and others. Characteristics that should be paid attention to. It is necessary to determine the installation location, because different types of bioubornyh require different communications. So, for the peat just need ventilation arrangement, when the electric wall outlets must be. Portable easy to move and stationary require a permanent place - should take care of it. With regards to the manufacturers, well proven Finnish and Norwegian, although Russian is also not lagging behind.
There are many options on the basis of which it is possible to divide the toilets on the types and kinds. However, of all the characteristics we can distinguish one main, all of which can delimit the toilets to flush biounitazy with aqueous and devices that do not use water. The first type includes all devices, consisting of two parts, the upper one dedicated to water. The second group of devices is suitable when there is no possibility to build sewers. In use peat or the like as an absorbent element.
The main parameter that affects not only the price of the composting toilets, but also to choose from - a way of processing of human waste. There are several types:
Choosing a specific model, it is important to pay attention to how many people can stay in the unit. This parameter will depend on how often have to empty the device and whether it does not deliver a hassle, because designs can not accommodate pumping. After all, as we know, the more the receiver, the less it will have to serve the people, and the more they will benefit. Therefore, giving preference to one or another model, it is important to be aware of the amount of work that will have to do, serving device.
The most expensive device on the market today - it's electric composting toilet. The lower tank is divided into its two parts, one of which is intended for collecting waste liquid, and the second is used for the solid. Liquid waste through a hose coming down the drain, while the solid are harvested. With this system, this kind of dry closet does not have to maintain and often emptied. This must be done 2-3 times a year. The big plus is the lack of toilet need to buy supplies for waste management - will take care of electricity.
All electrical biounitazy can be divided into the following groups:
- freeze waste;
- a combustion chamber;
- with separate waste collection.
This figure will depend on the number of people who will be using composting toilets, so if the family or where the unit will be used, a large number of visits to the restroom, it is necessary to pre-select a model with a large volume storage tank, otherwise it will be very often to clean it, because there is no pumping. It should be remembered that manufacturers indicate in the instructions during use, calculated for a single person with an average number of visits. This index ranges from 30 to 140 days.
Biounitaz consists of two tanks interconnected. The upper, that is, in most cases, the seat, the liquid is poured or filled up peat. In addition, the container is equipped with a pump, by means of which the flushing impurities. The stores are models, the upper tank volume ranging from 7 to 33 liters. This is enough to service design.
Choosing a stationary bio-toilet, basic value of this parameter is not, but if you take the portable version, it is worth thinking about. One of the main highlights will be filled with the weight of the apparatus, because it will have to stand on their own. On the other hand, if the amount is not enough, then have to clean the toilet too often, it can cause discomfort.
Buying a toilet, you should pay special attention to the flushing system, as this component of the system affects the hygiene and cleanliness of the device. In addition, it prevents the spread of odors. Many samples are provided with flush water. It is very convenient, especially since some models can be connected to the water supply, while others are filled autonomously.
To ensure biounitazah flushing pump is used positioned at the top of the container. There are three types:
- 15 l of the upper tank;
- wash with water;
- LED filling the bottom of the tank;
- storage tank 21 liters;
- a piston pump;
- chemical toilet;
- 38.3 × 41.4 × 42.7 cm.
- the need to use liquids not cheap.
- composting toilet compost peat;
- maximum load of 150 kg;
- storage tank 44 liters;
- dry wash;
- 39 × 59 × 71 cm.
- not very reliable mechanism for spreading peat.
- Thetford Porta Potti Excellence Electric.
- biotoilet chemical;
- 15 l of the upper tank;
- wash with water;
- a pressure relief valve;
- storage tank 21 liters;
- electric pump;
- 33.8 × 44.8 × 45 cm.
- composting toilet compost peat;
- casing made of polyethylene;
- storage tank 225 l;
- toilet cubicle;
- 115 × 230 × 115 cm.
- biotoilet Electric;
- housing polystyrene;
- storage tank 23 liters;
- with separate waste collection;
- 45.6 × 54.1 × 67.2 cm.
- large storage tank;
- year-round use.
- It can only be used in a sitting position.
- biotoilet chemical;
- 10 l of the upper tank;
- wash with water;
- storage tank 20 L;
- bellows pump;
- 36,5 × 42 × 41,5 cm.
- to make full use of special fillers needed to break down the waste.
- automatic mixing of compost;
- biotoilet Electric;
- built-in fan;
- 55 × 65 × 71 cm;
- composting toilet compost peat;
- storage tank 50 L;
- usage period of 30 days;
- 50 × 47 × 51 cm.
- not entirely reliable components for models produced in Russia.
- upper tank 12.5 l;
- storage tank 40 liters;
- peat, composting;
- LED filling the bottom of the tank.
Video: Summer toilet odorless
How long were sizing to the composting toilets, because they wanted to buy a garden plot. We ordered from the online store electric and do not regret it: is quiet, easy to maintain, does not require pumping. The only thing that at first frightened - it's a significant price, but appreciate all the charm of its use, realize that it's worth it.
Inexpensive portable composting toilet odorless first saw in a magazine in the photo and could not buy. Because in the warm days almost did not go with his wife to the hacienda, the composting toilet in the country helps, besides the waste can be used as fertilizer. Yes and grandchildren feel comfortable coming to visit us.
Which home to choose a bio-toilet
Lack of utilities in many remote areas of Russia puts the owners of country houses to choose - to build a closet on the street or look for alternatives.
And increasingly in such settlements are used for home composting toilets. The greatest demand is for products of foreign manufacturers. That its characteristics and features will be discussed later in the article.
Requirements for home composting toilets
What to replace septic pits come comfortable and easy to maintain modern design is a tribute to one of the American engineers. The first models appeared for a long time, and they apparently bears little resemblance to modern designs. However, the principle of the composting toilets was first taken in the modern developments.
Outwardly, it looks like an ordinary toilet, which is placed in a plastic container. Thus the most important advantage of this construction is a closed loop recycling of sewage and slow filling of the waste tank. Depending on the number of people who will use it and the volume of the tank, cleaning of the dry closet can be carried out not more than 1-2 times a month.
It also does not require connection to the water supply and sewerage, it can be used not only indoors, but if necessary, and the outdoors. Depending on the type of waste in the composting toilets are disinfected with chemical agents, peat or biological compounds.
model for the elderly and disabled
Which model to choose depends on various factors, they are:
- The number of people living in the house
- Their age and physical features
- Financial opportunities
But in any case, before you go shopping, it is necessary to determine the volume of the lower reservoir. From it depends on how often you have to empty your home toilet. Approximate filling time can be specified in the instructions, but it is also easy to calculate yourself. For example, a 12-liter tank is filled with approximately 25 uses, it will be 3 days for a family of 3 persons.
Accordingly, with increase in volume and period of application is changed, but also the process of emptying somewhat complicated due to the large vesom.Eto only one factor, but there are others. If your family has old people or children, it should also be taken into account when choosing.
But in this situation it is not necessary to buy a few different models, will be enough to buy special seats designed for specific categories of users.
Expensive and cheap. What will you choose?
In the domestic market toilets used at home represented by a large number of manufacturers. Among them there are representatives of foreign and domestic. Naturally, their products are not only on cost but also quality, and very strong. So before you go shopping, it is necessary thoroughly to approach the issue of choice. To help you in this matter, we consider some of the most popular models.
Lineup Thetford from Holland and their characteristics
The most widely represented company's products Thetford from Holland. Its range - toilets is characterized by:
- Design and dimensions
- Type flush pump
- The volume of the tank for sewage
Their great popularity is due to excellent performance, modern design and reasonable price. A large variety of models allows you to find the best option for each customer.
Next in the ranking are toilets Canadian manufacturer SanitationEquipmentLimited (SEL). They are of high quality products, but have a limited range.
Watch the video of a popular brand of Thetford:
Well proven and French production company Campingaz. Under its brand produces compact toilets, as much as possible adapted to the cottage trips. They are more expensive, somewhat limits the demand for them.
Apart from the products of foreign manufacturers, the market is and toilets from local companies. But for the most part they are more reminiscent of a bucket with a lid, than modern portable device. And, despite the low cost of such products are not in great demand because of their poor quality and external data.
What features are most important?
Question biotoilet acquisition is highly relevant today. But before you buy it, you need to explore the range of these products in their region and compare it with your family's needs. On what parameters you should pay attention in the first place - is:
- construction height
- volume and weight of the waste tank
- operating principle
- especially transportation and installation
Most of the composting toilets has a height of 40-46 cm, which is comparable with standard toilets. But if a family has children, then perhaps the best option would be a lower model.
Watch the video, pay attention to the specifications:
The volume of the tank for waste determines how often it will have to be emptied. But it is worth considering, and its future weight, he will be more than 2-3 kg of displacement declared.
Compact and easy to install are also important, although not critical. If you plan to frequent transport of dry closet, you can buy a folding model or equipped with special handles for carrying.
Cost portable models depends on the characteristics and the brand of the manufacturer. If you do not have enough money for the purchase of high-quality foreign products, it is possible to choose a bio-toilet for the house, the price at which the lowest, from local producers. Its range is in the range from 3 to 12 thousand rubles, but their lifespan and external options are very limited.
Those who wish to purchase a high-quality, durable and reliable products, pay attention to foreign biotoilet home price that is slightly higher. Such products are in the cost category from 100 to 150 euros. Among them, the most expensive considered cassette toilets, the price of which is 17 thousand rubles. However, the higher the cost, the greater the number of additional functions will have this model. They are designed to create the most comfortable conditions during operation and the most interesting for owners of country houses.
Modern inhabitants of cities and towns were able to assess the true capabilities of biotoilets. Today, they are a necessary subject not only in country houses and holiday villages, but also when making long trips.
Their large range allows everyone to choose the best option. Among the variety of special attention should be peat model, as they are environmentally safe for the environment.
Their use in the country allows composted waste for further use as an organic fertilizer. This home biotoilet reviews zastuzhivaet best because not only easy to operate, easy to maintain, but also completely harmless to humans. Its popularity continues to grow.