- 1 The standard size of a red brick
- 2 standard brick size and varieties of bricks
- 3 What is the size of the red brick - consider standards
The standard size of a red brick
Red (also ceramic) brick - one of the most widely used and well-known building materials. It is made of clay raw material by firing the compacted briquettes.
Ceramic brick is classified on several grounds:
The standard size of a red brick was introduced in the early 19th century, and finally established relatively recently, in 1927, and is 250h120h65 millimeters. Often these dimensions single ceramic bricks are called normal or basic format. That brick of this size is considered to be the most convenient for the production of works of masonry walls, more precisely, to alternate the location of bricks with a dressing masonry.
Single brick is full-bodied (unit weight of 3.6 kilogram), and the hollow (2.3 to 2.7 kilograms).
All the main dimensions and characteristics of brick as a building material are governed by national standards, in accordance with GOST 530-2007, entered into force 01.03.2007. It also gives the names of the brick surfaces: header, stretcher, bed.
- B - working, the biggest in size the surface of the brick. On the bed, as a rule, a brick is laid.
- Stretcher - the average size brink of bricks.
- Jab - very small facet of the product.
Bastard ceramic bricks
Contrary to the name of the actual thickness of one and a half brick in 1.35 times higher than that of the single. The appearance of one and a half brick due to the industrialization process of construction, to accelerate the pace of masonry. Often both corpulent (ground brick - from 4 to 4.3 kilograms) and hollow (weight 3 - 3.3 kilograms).
The further intensification of building production has caused the appearance of a double (thickness is 2.1 times greater than that of the single) brick.
This species is not seen full-bodied as its mass in this version reaches 7.2 kilograms, which makes him very uncomfortable. Hollow double brick has a mass of from 4.6 to 5 kg.
Corpulent ceramic brick
Brick is substantially free of voids (pore volume maximum - up to 13%). It has, compared with hollow much higher strength, however is typically used in the construction of load-bearing structures, the external and internal walls, building pillars and pillars, foundations device.
Due to the fact that the material is widely used in the construction of virtually any type of building, solid ceramic brick is also called a "normal", "ordinary" and even a "building."
The void volume in the form of bricks is from 13 to 40%. It is also sometimes called a colloquial "hole", "slit" or "self-supporting". Similar names due to the fact that the holes (voids) are cross-cutting or closed, and in appearance - round, oblong or any other shape, depending on the wishes of the manufacturer.
Hollow red bricks are generally used in lightweight masonry walls or partitions, as well as fill the frame high-rise buildings.
Produced according to GOST 530-2007. Widely used in the construction of virtually all types of buildings, including private houses and cottages. It is allowed to use when laying only facades with subsequent finishing or warming.
Standards do not impose specific requirements for the appearance of brick, possibly even small chipped surface will not affect the strength characteristics.
The price of an ordinary ceramic brick starts at 6.8 rubles / unit for the single, and 8.6 rubles per one and a half.
Facing ceramic bricks (front, front)
Brick that meets the highest demands on appearance. Accordingly, it refers to a higher price range. The simplest types of facing bricks are from 9.8 rubles per share.
There are two types:
1. Texture brick (another name - a fragmentary stone) is used in the masonry fence and wall facades;
2. The shaped bricks with a variety of configurations. Used for the construction of complex and irregular shapes of structures, such as arches, sills, gazebos, etc.
Furnace or fireclay brick red
Furnace red bricks produced according to GOST 390-96, a refractory article and used in the construction of objects which during use are exposed to high temperatures - fireplaces, furnaces, for lining chimneys etc.
manufacturing features allow firebricks withstanding temperatures up to 1000 degrees without sacrificing strength, loss of carrying capacity and other characteristics. The cost of a single brick starts from 20 rubles.
Clinker made from clay with refractory properties. The processing of such a brick gets higher as compared with the conventional ceramic, strength and density figures are not, however, reach the level of fireclay bricks. The main area of use - Facing the cap and foundations, paving garden paths, laying drains. Unit Price - 22 rubles.
It should be noted that differences in the filling or the purpose of use do not affect the overall dimensions of bricks.
Red brick, depending on the size divided into several types:
- Single (size - 250 * 120 * 65 mm);
- Bastard (250 * 120 * 88 mm);
- Dual (250 * 120 * 138 mm);
- Euro (several varieties).
European standards of ceramic bricks
In some cases, such as when customers are companies from Western Europe, or use the typical project developed there, the production of works used bricks not corresponding to GOST 530-2007 from 01.03.2008 year. The most widely used in the EU are the following sizes of building bricks:
- The DF - 240 * 115 * 52 mm - the most frequently used;
- NF - 240 * 115 * 71 mm;
- WDF - 210 * 100 * 65 -millimetrov;
- 2DF - 240 * 115 * 113 mm;
- RF - 240 * 115 * 61 mm;
- WF - 210 * 100 * 50 mm.
It should be noted that after all these dimensions of ceramic bricks are rare.
standard brick size and varieties of bricks
During the construction of any building completely (except for the panel) as the main material used brick. Such walls are in contrast to the panel are stronger and more durable. However, installation and bricklaying take much more time than the installation of prefabricated panels. But be that as it may, the material used in the construction of most of the modern buildings and, therefore, is a more practical and reliable. In today's article we will learn the size of a standard brick and talk about its varieties.
As you know, building bricks differ in size, characteristics and intended use. In this case, the material can be divided into 3 categories:
standard brick size for each of these types is different. He is determined by three parameters: length, width and height.
brick size (standard single-type) that is used in the construction of most modern buildings and institutions, as follows: 250h125h65 millimeters. Thus Silicate (double) material has dimensions in millimeters 250h120h188.
The construction size of a standard brick is 250h125h65 millimeters. That is the most used type of brick is single. Additionally, in the construction industry it is often applied in a thickened form a length of 250 mm, a width of 120 and 80 millimeters in height. Also worth noting is the modular variety. The dimensions of a single brick modular constitute 138h13h288 millimeters.
It should be noted that the construction of walls may also be used so-called ceramic stones. By the stones, they do not have any relationship, and therefore in the production of ceramic blocks are labeled. Many sellers refer to them as "dual brick", so when you purchase does not think that this is a different type of material. Ceramic stone, block and brick double - they are one and the same product. And he following dimensions: 250h125h138 millimeters (length * width * height respectively).
GOST (State standards) for products of this kind in Russia do not apply, especially for new technical articles which have appeared on the market a few years ago. Of course, the use of ceramic bricks in the construction of a dwelling house or other building is a very profitable business, since because of the large size of the cost of its masonry minimal. Accordingly, the rate of work at times exceeds the time masonry single material. In addition, savings also extends to the cement slurry that is required to prepare a number of brick masonry.
It is used mainly ceramic stone in the construction of multi-storey buildings, be it a house or garage. Statistics show that the number of single-storey houses, which is used in the construction of this type of materials is one. Though even if we compare the total number of multi-storey institutions with ceramic stone walls and the same building with the classic single brick, the difference will amount to several tens of times.
Why then such material is not in great demand in Russia?
The fact that many customers simply do not know how to behave in the stone in 10-20 years after installation, and whether the wall will hold up to this time. Hence, it appears that at a constant temperature difference of 60 or more degrees Celsius (the difference between the air temperature in winter and summer periods) such bricks may simply crumble in one operation cycle. Although the objective causes of the fact, to call this stone the most fragile, no, since no scientific studies on this issue were made. It turns out that the laying of ceramic stone - it's like a game of roulette: You never know when the building will be filled up, and whether it will be soon.
But back to size. At the beginning of this article, we pointed out the exact size of a standard brick. Depending on the type of its length may be 65 - 138 millimeters. The data values may depend on the place of application of a particular type of material (e.g., dimensions of bricks can vary in the range from 65 to 500 millimeters in height). Note also that the difference in the dimensions of single brick one and a half and did not constitute a factor of 1.5, as it seems to us externally. If you look more closely and compare the height of the first (65 millimeters) and second (88 mm), we can say that it is exactly above 1.35 times. But for ease of such materials are referred to as "polutornye9raquo ;.
Why 250h120 millimeters?
Most modern types of bricks have a length 250 and a width of 120 millimeters. The difference lies only in the height of the material (e.g., the size of white brick 250x120h88 millimeters). What is it for? And it is necessary to ensure that when laying the bricks was convenient to use. For its size the material perfectly fits in your hand, as well as in the construction and erection of the wall is used in most of the physical strength of the builders themselves, the data size are the most comfortable when laying rows (not the tower crane to stack them).
Few people know, but the common brick standards in Russia were introduced only a few years ago - in 2008. And despite the fact that he first began to be used in 1927. To the surprise of all, in Soviet times, almost all buildings were created with the brick that does not meet any standards and requirements. However, such buildings are currently the most robust and durable.
What is the size of the red brick - consider standards
A lot of decades, building construction people use red brick. This building material has several advantages, thanks to which such popularity acquired. During the construction must adhere to the rules and check all materials for compliance with standards.
This is done to avoid mistakes during the construction and for the purchase of the right materials, tools and equipment. red brick size standard is described in the "interstate standards" (GOST 530-2012), and below are the basic things that must be considered prior to construction.
The usual red brick popular for its properties that it acquires in the production and takes over from the material, taken as a basis. The starting material, of course, has an impact, but the main features are the same for all the bricks:
- frost-resistance - this property, which includes several functions.
Bricks must withstand low temperatures and high humidity. Getting in extreme conditions, the material can begin to change its density, which leads to its destruction.
Abbreviation for hardiness - MDE, and this value is calculated for a specific test, when the brick is subjected cyclically changes in humidity and temperature.
If the value of SSE below 35 points, the use of such a brick is not recommended in the territory of the Russian Federation.
So to build a small house would be enough involvement of bricks marks M100 and M150, and selected higher grade in the construction of a multistory building.
In the turbulent conditions of urban life it is very important create a basic sound insulation with a minimum thickness of the walls of the building. Bricks perfectly cope with this task.
These characteristics determine the possibility of building material and give an initial presentation. Knowledge of these features will protect novice builder from unexpected expenses. Next will be given some classifications, and, most importantly, discussed in detail the size of bricks.
Brick can be manufactured from different materials, but those options, that provides us with the market, 90% are made of clay and clay mixtures. After firing, the clay takes the orange, red and yellow color, hence the name - red brick.
Here are the main options by type of material:
- Adobe brick.
It is rarely used in the construction of the Russian Federation (sometimes you can find the structure of adobe bricks in the countryside). The composition has a clay soil, straw, and additional substances. When high humidity such brick format quickly soften.
In clay-based mixture is used of different grades, and their properties are regulated by the addition of secondary substances. The mixture is baked in a form through which and receives final dimensions. After firing, the brick becomes reddish hues, which have already become classics in decades.
The variant occurs much less frequently than the ceramic, but has different characteristics. Comprising lime, silica sand, and other additives. After firing becomes white, but can be colored in any color by means of special dyes.
Sand-lime bricks are often painted in classic red color to match the expectations of consumers.
If we compare with ceramic sand-lime brick, it becomes clear that the silicate has high performance strength and hardiness. These are average values, of course, after all play an important role and configuration of shapes, and manufacturer.
Sand-lime brick is much better to delay the sound waves, and so on sound he wins ceramic.
It is worth noting that the average price of sand-lime bricks set slightly lower than with ceramic. But the ceramic brick can resist to very high temperatures, and it weight much lower silica.
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There are many configurations of bricks dimensions. Each brick has a parallelepiped shape and three pairs of faces. The main side - the bed is located parallel to the base of masonry, from which it is often called a working face.
The second facet - stretcher, located perpendicular to the bed and has an average area of the three faces. Last brink - jab, the smallest area. By varying the length of the side edges, it is possible to obtain different dimensions:
For the cladding of buildings using all the dimensions given above.
Standard single brick still remains the most popular option. This standard is used for a long time in many countries.
This classification is compared bricks density. There are two types of bricks density: solid and hollow. Hollow bricks visually distinguished certain number of holes, full-bodied and are monolithic product.
Brick (aka "loaf") has a high heat conductivity and quite low water absorption. It is used in the construction of basements, ground floor and in the construction of the various bearing elements. Standard dimensions it 250h120h65 mm (see. Pictured above), and an average weight of 2.4 kg.
Hollow brick can not be used in the construction of basements, structural and other objects for which the brick is used.
This is due to the fact that the hollow brick has a plurality of holes, which may enter the water freezes in the winter time and destroy the structure of the building material. This embodiment has the increased sound insulation, high insulation and sold at a lower cost because less is used in the production of the starting material.
Dimensions of hollow bricks are the same as in corpulent - 250h120h65 mm.
This category may be useful for those who have already decided on the type of work that is coming into their lives. To avoid unnecessary costs, it is better to be familiar with the use of varieties of bricks.
Private brick - it is universal, "draft", used for both internal and external works. It may have minor pitting because a nondescript appearance.
facing brick - an ideal, an expensive brick made of extremely high quality standards. It is divided into two categories:
- Shaped version.
The market is presented as a huge range of forms of variations. Shaped embodiment is used when it is necessary to build masonry unusual shape (with bevels, corrugated shape or angular variant).
Used in the lining work on the facade of the buildings.
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Where different types of brick?
All of these aspects form a plurality of functions and configurations, which greatly expands variation offers the building materials market.
And builders experience formed a number of "rules" by which everyone tries to follow in order not to lose face. For specific types of structures common to use specific types of bricks. Therefore, you should highlight the main points:
- For the construction of the furnace it is common to use ceramic, brick.
- For the construction of the foundation, basement or base it is common to use ceramic, brick. Dimensions brick vary depending on the configuration of the foundation: 250h120h65 mm 138h288h165 mm 250h120h88 mm.
About the types of foundation, read our article.
These "rules" should be used to avoid structural failure.
Absolutely all of the red brick in this video: