- 1 Are there blue and blue orchid?
- 2 Blue Orchid: what is the secret?
- 3 Blue Orchid: features and nuances of origin unique flower care
Are there blue and blue orchid?
Orchids are considered as one and the most beautiful flowers in the world and are popular with gardeners in all countries. This is not surprising: the bizarre shape of petals, dimensions and relatively fast growth makes them stand out from the thousands of other plants. But the most unusual of these is, of course, blue, or blue orchid.
Orchids: there is in the nature of blue phalaenopsis
A number of sources claim that blue orchids do not exist in nature. This myth arose from the huge mass counterfeiting. Unscrupulous sellers simply paint with special pigments beaters colors and then pass them off as the blue wonder. So the flower begins to turn blue and become "blue" orchid.
Dyed Phalaenopsis is determined by the pigment residues on other parts of the flower
Such manipulations are subject to royal phalaenopsis - plants from the orchid family, originally from Southeast Asia, which have white flowers, purple or pale pink.
Only in 2011, there were real blue Phalaenopsis - Phalaenopsis Royal Blue, which are grown in Florida and Holland. The Dutch company Geest Orchideeën raised several varieties of Phalaenopsis in different shades of blue, with purple and even green shades.
Appearance, flowering and reproduction
Phalaenopsis - epiphytic plants that live on tree branches and eat at the expense of aerial roots. The leaves are elongated, remnevidnye or lanceolate, bright green, shiny and fleshy. Leaves are arranged in two rows, like many other orchids. Phalaenopsis have short stems, but spike can reach meter and even one and a half meters.
Some clear flowering schedule these plants do not have because they live in the tropical forests.
Propagated vegetatively orchids. To do this, use the side shoots, which depart from the rosette of leaves or flower stalk. It is necessary to wait for the formation of the first aerial roots on the side shoot - and it can be deposited in its own pot.
Care blue Phalenopsis little different from caring for other orchids. The main conditions of well-being of this plant - humidity, good lighting and heat.
The right choice of lighting and microclimate ensure the health of Phalaenopsis
Humidity achieved at the expense of part of the "washing" of the plant sprayer. Water for such a procedure should not be very cold, it is desirable if its temperature is 18-20 degrees. To plant received more light, place it on the southern, south-western and south-eastern windows.
At noon in clear weather in summer the plant is better to shade, to avoid burns. The temperature during the day should be about 20 degrees. If the temperature is greater than 25 or less than 15, plant growth slows, there may be problems with the flowering of the disease.
Large changes in temperature, these plants do not like the difference between night and day temperatures should not exceed 2-3 degrees (except in cases where the plant is necessary "shake", but more on that below). At large temperature differentials (greater than 5 degrees) may cause rot.
Orchid watered once a week, dipping pot and opening from below into the water for 10 minutes. When flowering watering should more often - 2 times a week. All Orchids do not like hard water, so if possible, Use thawed or rain.
Blue phalaenopsis watered dipping
Plant "eats" a lot of minerals, so fertilization should be done at least 2-3 times per month during the warm season. Autumn fertilizer concentration is reduced twice, while in winter decrease more and feeding frequency up to 1 times per month. It is important that dressing is made not only by the root system, but also on the sheet.
Use special fertilizer for orchids.
Aerial roots of orchids can photosynthesize, so these plants better suitable transparent plastic pot, if there is absolutely transparent - white.
Transparent orchid pot is important for photosynthesis
transplanted orchids every 3-4 years, as substrate breaking. Immediately after the transplant is recommended to use "Zircon" - preparation for orchids, which contributes to the development of the root system.
Transplanted plants as follows:
- After removing the substrate together with a lump of the pot (if not removed, cut pot);
- Washed with warm water from the roots of the substrate remains;
- Cut off the rotten roots, if they are;
- Placed an orchid in a pot and sleep substrate.
Diseases and parasites royal blue
Blue orchids are subject to the following diseases:
Against this parasite apply lather, ethyl alcohol, factory equipment (Fitoverm, Aptellik, Neoron)
Do not water the plant frequently, change the substrate. The best substrate is dry pine bark or specialty store mix for orchids
Blue orchids do not bloom mainly due to lack of light. As the cause may be drafts that lead to unusual Orchids for temperature changes, the lack of minerals, increased temperature.
First of all, look at what factors of the above affect the plant. If this is the lack of light - move the plant in the south window, or use additional lighting (fluorescent light bulb 100 watts will do).
Place the light bulb at a distance, so that the heat from it was not felt. Overall the duration of daylight for orchids should be about 12 hours, therefore it is impossible to cover it all night.
Sometimes the plant is useful to give the "shake-up", preventing night setback to 15 degrees.
Most blue orchids - a fake. These blue varieties are grown in the Netherlands company Geest Orchideeën and US farm Silver Vase. Care blue orchids is no different from caring for orchids genus Phalaenopsis.
Blue Orchid: what is the secret?
If you want to buy great beauty blue orchid, beware. The price of such a plant at least three times higher than the prices of other species. But what mystery lies behind such an awesome color?
Check out the information on this form, not only to make the right choice, and ensure your beauty worthy of care.
The whole truth: Is there a blue orchid?
It is true for those who want to enjoy the unusual color blue Phalaenopsis are not comforting. For this color hiding ink or a special dye, which leaves no residue on the hands. At least, when purchasing. And when watering - very possible.
If the paint remains, and your beauty will not poison dye - be prepared for the fact that these new buds are white. In fact, Japanese breeders have brought a blue orchid. But in the post-sale, you will not find such plants.
Those who are still very much wants a blue orchid, having familiarized with the photos, which is replete with the World Wide Web, may become the queen of this type - Wanda. It should be noted that it is quite capricious, it requires special care. No problem accustomed, perhaps, only an experienced grower. The flower has a lot of hybrids as perfectly amenable to hybridization. All her "twins" have a rather unusual coloring. Therefore, Wanda works worth spent on courting her. The popularity of this type is beginning to gain rapid momentum.
Because blue orchids can choose less cranky form, e.g., Cattleya. It has a very large, fragrant flowers with a fairly varied palette.
And very much for the lazy - blue or blue phalaenopsis. The most simple, easy form of courtship. It is specially launched for the home environment. Especially suitable blue phalaenopsis will be for those who are contraindicated spicy smells. Aroma of flower at almost absent, but blooms up to six months, differing by the presence of large tones.
We can not say that the blue or blue orchids exactly these colors. Rather, we are talking about subtle shades. However, their diversity, you'll be exactly satisfied!
Lighting and temperature
To care for potted flowers should be given their views. What are the common features of care?
All kinds of this plant heat-loving. Therefore, they need to be placed on the sunny side of the apartment: the best option - scattered sunlight.
Preferred temperature + 25 / + 30 degrees. At night - +16 degrees. For excellent flowering is useful big difference day and night temperatures - up to 10 degrees. Another important high humidity and good air circulation.
Flower needs a quality substrate, because it affects her health, the ability to bloom. The soil should be loose, not crumpled, with lots of pine shavings and good drainage. It can be used as gravel, pieces of foam. Most of it should occupy the center of the pot.
Utensils should be with a lot of big holes for good ventilation. The substrate must fit snugly to the walls.
Fertilizing should be constant, at least 1 time per month. Fertilizer - well balanced, it directly affects the bloom. From a large number of nutrients the tip of the stem is soft. By insufficient - bloom poorly.
Features watering plants are as follows: the higher the temperature, the more often you need to water. Due to the stagnation of groundwater may start rotting of the root system and the plant may die. It is necessary that the water after each watering completely drained.
Unlike Wanda, blue phalaenopsis orchid is better not to spray. Sheet structure of this type is such that at the bottom of water can collect.
We need to monitor the health of the plants. The disease can be seen a radical change in the color of leaves, root rot, lack of flowering. If you notice something like that, then flower in urgent need of transplant therapy.
Among the diseases are found:
- fungal, viral infection;
- defeat mites;
- fracture of the sheet;
- Fusarium wilt.
It is important to carefully inspect before transplanting the roots of a flower. Remove rotten parts, leaving them dry. Planning repot orchids need with young roots. If they are very long, the ingrowth of the new ground will be difficult.
Hopefully now you can make the right choice.
Blue Orchid: features and nuances of origin unique flower care
Gorgeous orchids are fascinating beauty, refined luxury showy flowers. These wonderful plants are impressive wealth tint palette. Their white, purple, burgundy, cream, yellow, pink flowers look just great.
Representatives of the orchid family with petals of heavenly blue although present on store shelves, but the naturalness of their color sometimes is highly questionable. Many people are concerned with the question: is there any blue orchids in nature, nurseries, the answer to which will be given in this article.
Flowers of plants belonging to the genus Phalaenopsis, may not have shade azure because of their lack of the corresponding gene. Enterprising businessmen have learned to give phalaenopsis right tone by dyeing. After blue flowers wilt earlier processed instances form buds, which was characterized by coloring them initially.
This fact should not upset orchid lovers, as they can give preference to other types of (Vanda, Cattleya). These plants do have petals whose color is as close to indigo. As for Phalaenopsis, the mass market, he gets after special treatment.
Many gardeners will certainly appeal to blue orchid Vanda, whose petals often have a bluish-purple, purple-spotted coat color. It is worth paying attention to the capriciousness of this plant. For example, orchid blue with pink veins needs to maintain a particular climate with high humidity, well lit, everyday watering. Cope with its cultivation can be done only an experienced florist.
To provide plants with proper care, we can hope for its abundant, long blooming. Wanda inspired scientists to create many hybrids with a very unusual colors. In particular, breeders bred pink and blue orchid, mesmerizing its delicate beauty.
More unpretentious will Cattleya, whose petals also have a clean uniform color. Typically, this purple or blue-blue orchid blooms if is placed in direct sunlight when there is significant difference between day, night temperatures.
For most plants stay under such conditions can result in failure, but the Cattleya is like. The plant is receiving maximum light, demonstrates a more intense color of petals. This orchid requires increased air humidity, but by its spraying should refrain.
As already mentioned above, blue phalaenopsis orchid flower in nature does not exist. Also, it can not be found in nurseries modern breeders. Quite possibly, in the future the situation will change drastically, since work on the creation of colors with the azure color of constantly underway, and the results are promising.
As part of the exhibition event, held in Florida, USA in 2011 by Silver Vase was demonstrated phalaenopsis blue. After 3 months of public attention in the Dutch flower nursery competition Flora Holland Geest Orchideeën was presented one more blue orchid named Phalaenopsis Royal Blue. The plant received an award in the category "sales concept."
Interestingly, that the above producers did not intrigue the audience the secret of blue petals of flowers shown. In interviews, they spoke about the specifics of handling orchids. For staining using patented technology, which method is not subject to disclosure. We only know that the flowers are exposed to a particular environment, created with the use of elements of natural origin, does not harm the plants.
Demonstrated the world named manufacturers blue phalaenopsis orchid is not a hybrid breeding. It's kind of a successful marketing ploy and nothing more. Abroad, these flowers are used as a spectacular decor, and after withering they are utilized.
Japanese miracle - blue orchid
Much further stepped Japanese scientists - experts from the University of Chiba. The exhibition, which took place in Okinawa in 2013, they were able to hit the discerning audience. The result of their work - the orchid blue aroused universal admiration.
To create this kind of miracle in floral Phalaenopsis Aphrodite was embedded gene of another plant - Asian commelina. New orchid flowers are relatively small (with a diameter of about 5 cm). On one spike may be formed to 30 buds. This orchid is considered to be exclusive and available for sale is not yet available.
That offer our flower shops?
Relatively recently in our stores appeared blue phalaenopsis orchid, which was instantly in huge demand. Worth plant is significantly more expensive than conventional types. Unfortunately, the joy of owning this magnificent orchid issued for Phalaenopsis Royal Blue, soon replaced by disappointment.
Very often, before entering the mass market by unscrupulous sellers in the trunk, the roots or stems artisanal plants are injected chemical staining solution (usually black is often used to). Typically, staining procedure undergo white orchid, in which the pigment is distributed most evenly petals
This event has a negative impact on plant health. It becomes weakened due to such a serious stress. As a consequence, the contemplation of inflorescences saturated celestial hue lasts long. At the end of the month they start to fall away, and the Phalaenopsis after some time can be lost.
Many sellers do not try to conceal information about the plants from customers, placing warning labels on pots. Relevant information is printed in small type, as uninformed people simply do not notice it in this matter. Subsequently, they are dissatisfied with the transformations that have taken place with your favorite colors.
What to look out for before you buy an orchid?
Before making a purchase at a flower shop should ask the seller to interested plant blue orchid: painted or not, ask a way epiphyte processing.
It is also desirable subject the vending instance thorough inspection.
Identified puncture marks on roots, growth point indicate a high probability of death Phalaenopsis. If viewed from the blue orchid in a pot has a flower stalks subjected to injections, then in the future it has a chance of survival, while ensuring the proper care.
Another embodiment staining - epiphytic watering water with dissolved pigment. In such cases, the shade of blue will become like flower petals and leaves, roots. About survival of plants can be judged after evaluation of the identified damage.
Phalaenopsis heavenly hue over time throw their flowers. Since the blue orchid in nature does not exist, and scientists still have just started work on the removal of such hybrids, do not expect that in the future the plant will form again flowers with turquoise petals. Quite possibly, the next time on a spike bloom white and blue orchid and poproshestvii certain time buds will become more and more light.
It is not necessary to attempt to perform injections on their own with the activation of methylene blue, ink, to remedy the situation. This will only lead to disease and death of the plant. Much better to admire the flowers, which are subject to their natural color.
After receiving a gift or buying blue phalaenopsis, you need to try to thoroughly inspect it to promptly identify any damage, areas of decay, mold, pests. Particular attention should be paid to the root system.
Plant with healthy roots, having a saturated green color, it is not necessary to expose the transplant procedure. An instance in need of intensive care, it is necessary to remove the dry, rotten shoots, stems and define it in a new pot.
Transplanting plants in another pot
Exercising care for the blue orchids, you should buy a special substrate for the victim of a flower. Also, independent preparation of the soil mixture allowed.
Need pine bark mix (5 parts) with charcoal (fraction 1). Do not use rotten, poorly sanitized material. Harvested trees under the bark must be subjected to washing, boiling (at least 15 minutes) followed by drying.
Phalaenopsis need to carefully remove from the pot, remove it traumatized, withered, rotting roots. As a powder the cut, you can use charcoal, ash, ground cinnamon.
Performing blue orchid care at home, you should try to perform disinfection of the pot. Pot thoroughly rinsed, then dipped in a solution of manganese. If you decide to purchase a new flowerpot, should give preference to a special transparent tanks, produced for orchids.
On the bottom of the pot is placed a drainage layer (2 - 3 cm) of expanded clay. Over it is poured prepared third substrate on which the plant is set in vertical position. After that, the rest is filled with orchids soil mix. It prohibits the use of the old soil, extracted from beneath the victim of a flower. This substrate remained for certain aggressive substances which may harm the plant.
Recommended mode for Phalaenopsis
Transplanted falenosis guaranteed to go to the amendment, if the optimum microclimate is created for it. The plant will feel better by diffused sunlight. it is also necessary to ensure the maintenance of temperature with the following values: daytime +25 ... + 30 ° C at night + 16 ° C. The room must create a humidity of 30%, good air circulation.
Balanced feeding for orchids
Phalaenopsis requires periodic dressing (once a month) using a balanced fertilizer, which is quite possible to buy in specialized outlets. In the priority - dosed food epiphytic, as too many useful elements will lead to a softening of the top, and their lack of effect on the inhibition of flowering.
Orchid needs regular watering. At higher temperature indicators made frequent irrigation. No need to avoid stagnant water that could cause root rot, death of the plant. Not welcome spraying Phalaenopsis, causing undesired accumulation of droplets in the hollows of the leaves.
Diseases of blue orchid
Florist will need to closely monitor the health of plants reanimated. About Orchid disease is signaled by the following factors: a radical change of color of leaves, rotting roots, lack of emerging buds. In identifying the signs of infection, should be in time to perform the processing epiphyte.
Blue Orchid - popular "brand"
It is noteworthy that the issue of blue orchid is relevant not only for gardeners. For example, the market can find a lot of cosmetic products, as part of which there is oil blue orchid: gels, creams. It is desirable to use them only after examining the annotations on the packaging to find out what kind it is representative of the orchid family is at stake.
Beautiful exotic fish - blue orchid Aulonocara lives in the waters of Kande Island. It often becomes a real gem of modern aquariums. So the original name of the fish received since its appearance is associated with exotic flower.
Incomparable Blue Orchid inspires poets, musicians and artists. On the possession of this flower dream of many. It is very important to learn how to properly care for the plant to it as long as possible kept its fragile beauty. Read the article: The main varieties and the best varieties for planting roses.
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