- 1 Berry Blueberries: useful properties and damage description looks like blueberries and medicinal properties of berries.
- 2 Blueberries description, reproduction, property damage, photo
- 3 What is different from blueberries blueberry
Berry Blueberries: useful properties and damage description looks like blueberries and medicinal properties of berries.
The nearest relative of the blueberry is blueberry - a short, highly branched shrub heather family. Its tasty, fragrant dark blue berries with glaucousness contain vitamin C (28%), carbohydrate (6.8%), carotene, PP, citric, malic, benzoic, oxalic acid, pectins, tannins, iron, manganese compound .
Growing blueberries everywhere: in central Russia, the Altai Mountains, Caucasus. But the largest and juicy it is on the outskirts of the Russian taiga marshes. Northern peoples Khanty and Nenets have long been used in cooking berries blueberry and treatment of many diseases.
Collect it usually begin from mid-July until late autumn. Sometimes referred to as blueberry gonobobel, vodopyanka because of the properties attributed to the berry cause headaches. In fact, blueberries are almost always grows near the marsh wild rosemary, intoxicating smell of which can cause serious illness.
Here is the blueberries - berries close-up view
Like other berries, blueberries very effective prophylactic. Furthermore, it is characterized by bracing, antipyretic and antiinflammatory properties. As a dietary low-calorie product, blueberries useful for people suffering from obesity. When it is consumed regularly observed increase in strength of the blood vessels, the normalization of the endocrine glands, reducing allergic reactions. Delicious dark blue berries are often used as an effective diuretic and cholagogue. It is believed that there is no better means to restore vision and integrated treatment of certain types of anemia. The juice of berries successfully used to treat gastritis, rheumatism, mild hypertension. Antioxidants in berry, prevent the appearance of malignant tumors.
But despite the many beneficial properties of berries blueberry excessive use can cause and harm your body. Sometimes, side effects may occur with excessive use of blueberries: nausea, weakness, severe headache and even vomiting. Also, it is not recommended for people suffering from gallstone disease.
Of juicy, delicious berries blueberries make juices, compotes, jams, jams, wine, jelly, mousse, prepare delicious dumplings or baked pies. A decoction of the leaves of blueberry used in heart disease, diabetes and anemia. The first blueberries are usually collected to what is called "to eat." Only at the beginning of August, its starting to harvest the winter.
Any drinks from the berries of blueberry promote metabolism and improve digestion. They are recommended for people with low acidity, as well as those who suffer from extra kilos.
Blueberries description, reproduction, property damage, photo
Blueberries, blueberry vulgaris (Vaccínium uliginósum)
Blueberries - a deciduous shrub belongs to the genus Vaccinium of the heather family. The Russian prostonareche have about twenty different blueberry names, for example: vodopyanka, drunk berry, dove, blue grapes. In the scientific and popular literature also found several items, such as stunted blueberry, blueberry swamp, bog blueberries. Blueberry distributed in the northern hemisphere, and prefers temperate and cold climate. It grows in forests, wetlands, on vozvyshennastyah and peat bogs. Shrubs Blueberry low (grow to 1 meter, an average of 50-60 centimeters), with straight branches bark dark gray or brown. Blueberry leaves are very similar to blueberry, about three centimeters long, the leaves are covered with a waxy bloom and fall off in winter. Blueberries are self-pollinating plant, although insect pollination increases crop yields almost doubled crop yields ranged from 1 kg to 5 kg of at kruploplodnyh varieties.
Propagated blueberries in two ways in several ways:
1. Seed. Seeds taken from the very best berries, dried them, and sown in the fall in recent days. When planting the seeds in the spring, the seeds need stratification within three months before planting, and then two weeks before planting the seeds are germinated in a warm and humid environment, and only then scatter the seeds on a mixture of peat and sand for rooting. After the appearance of several of these sheets, the seedlings are transplanted into pots with a mixture of softwood and ground peat (1: 1). Further care is to maintain a temperature of over 20 degrees, watering and loosening the soil.
2. Cuttings. Woody shoots are harvested in late autumn before the onset of cold weather or just after the onset of cold weather and placed in a cool cellar for storage. In late March - early April, when they start to swell the kidney, shoots cut 20-25 cm long, three or four buds should be planted on the handle and a mixture of peat and sand (1: 1) under the film. A few months later, when the cuttings take root - the film is removed, two years seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place.
3. layering. This method is the easiest, shoots bends to the ground and covered with a mixture of peat and sand, for better rooting, you can hide the film next spring rooted cuttings are separated from the parent plant and planted in a permanent place.
Blueberries a good source of sugars (about 7%), fructose, glucose and sucrose, it contains vitamins A, C, about 25 mg / 100 g (well conserved in promorozhennaya berries) valued berry for a large set of organic acids (citric, malic, acetic, etc.). It is rich in pectin, fiber and micronutrients. Caloric blueberry is 37 kcal per 100 grams.
The greatest amount of nutrients found in fresh berries, so it is better to use fresh. The blueberry has a highly active antioxidants prevent the formation of cancer cells, vitamin K1 contained therein is involved in blood clotting, vitamins contained in it positively affect the eyesight and relieve eye fatigue.
Blueberries: harm and contraindications
Eating blueberries can be harmful to health, if you eat it in large quantities. It is expressed in the appearance of nausea, vomiting and headache. In the presence of dyskinesia biliary tract disease, berries, too, should not be used because of the possibility of exacerbation. Harms of blueberry can only be called by you, everything should be in moderation.
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What is different from blueberries blueberry
Berries, along with fruits are an important and useful component of healthy food and a source of vitamins. Many of these improve metabolism, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system.
Very useful blueberries and blackberries. These berries are often confused because they are very similar in appearance. However, some of their properties are still different, so you should learn to distinguish between the bushes. Let's try to figure out what is the difference from the blueberry blueberries.
Blueberries (lat. Vaccinium uliginosum) - this is a low shrub heather family, which grows in coniferous and deciduous rain forests, wetlands, mountains and tundra of the Northern Hemisphere.
It refers to plants that are able to survive on poor soils. She likes cold or temperate climate.
The leaves of blueberries dense, oval, top - light green, bottom - glaucous. Flowers - small, in the form of bells, pink or white.
Fruits - dark blue or black with a bluish bloom, different shapes. The pulp from the fruit - green.
Blueberry berries edible, sweet-sour, and which altogether sweet in taste, contain a number of nutrients, especially vitamins A and C, micro- and macronutrients, amino acids.
Of the latter species were bred basic varieties and hybrids blueberry garden. In the culture of this berry bushes are grown for over 100 years. However, it should be noted that the garden berries are somewhat inferior to the wild in the degree of their usefulness.
In order to better understand what is different from blueberries blueberries, take a closer look, and with a second plant.
Similarities in the two bushes are explained primarily by the fact that they both belong to the heather family, and so are their relatives.
Blueberries (lat. Vaccinium myrtillus) - also undersized wild shrub, common in forests and tundra of the Northern Hemisphere.
Leaves his oval, toothed, light green. Blossoms single, drooping flowers of water lilies in a greenish-pink color.
Berries - black or blue-black with a sweet-sour taste and a dark-red pulp. Have a regular spherical shape. Suitable for human consumption. They use fresh, fresh frozen and dried form. Used for touch-up of wine, cooking jelly, medicinal decoctions and infusions.
The benefits of blueberries can be found, examined in detail the chemical composition, nutritional and caloric value.
Blueberry It refers to a low calorie and dietetic products: 100 g contains only 39 kcal, protein - 1 g Fat - 0.5 g, carbohydrates - 6.6 g Water - 87.7 g, ash - 0.3 g
The composition of berries include B vitamins (B1, B2), PP, C, A, K; Micro and macro elements: iron, phosphorus, calcium. organic acids also present, cellulose, tannins and pectin.
Thanks to this rich composition range blueberry action is very wide. It is able to normalize the functioning of the cardiovascular system, pancreas and intestines, stimulate brain activity.
Its application diabetics are advised as berry improves metabolism and enhances the effect of medicines that reduce blood sugar levels. Juice of blueberries recommend as a fortifying agent.
A large amount of polyphenols in berries relaxes and dilates blood vessels. The presence of vitamin A makes blueberries useful for the eyes - to relieve tension and restore vision.
Vitamin C as part of the berries can be used as a fruit bush antiscorbutic. Vitamin K1 is involved in blood clotting - products with it are recommended for older people to maintain energy and vitality.
Broths from dried berries used as teas and protivodezinteriynoe antidiarrhoeal agent. The studies confirming the ability of blueberries to prevent the formation of cancer cells.
The berries are used as a fresh, and in revised form: of these, make jam is used for the production of wine and soft drinks. Also useful properties are the leaves of blueberries - they are suitable for infusions and teas.
The pharmacy can be found under the name of blueberry fruit Uliginosi fractus leaves and blueberries - Uliginosi folium.
Most supporters of a healthy lifestyle can not decide: blueberries and blueberry - it is more useful? The answer to this question try to find a part of blueberries.
bilberry - low-fat raw berries contain 57 kcal and are a source of proteins - 1.1 g fat - 0.6 g and carbohydrates - 7,6 In 100 g of fresh product contained 87 g of water and 0.4 g of ashes.
The chemical composition is also diverse. In berries present tannins, organic acids, vitamin C and B vitamins, carotene. The leaves are rich in tannins, acids, vitamins, arbutin, saponins, micro- and macrocells.
With therapeutic purposes blueberries consumed primarily for improving visual acuity - on the basis of its available pharmacy drugs recommended for people who sort of activity is constantly straining vision.
This berry - the champion among the plants on the content of antioxidants, which means that it is able to prevent poor-quality tumor. Also, experiments have shown that its use reduces the systemic risk of cardiovascular diseases (thrombosis, myocardial infarction), and diabetes.
In folk medicine, berries are advised for the treatment of purulent skin wounds, burns, kidney stone disease.
Healing properties have both berries and leaves of a bush. The berries make jelly, fruit drinks, juices, facials. The leaves are used for infusions.
The differences between the blueberry and bilberry
As you can see, by their appearance and berry bushes are very similar, sometimes when searching for an answer to the question, what is the difference between bilberry and blueberry, even people who are lost, who sell berries and plants.
After analyzing growth, external characteristics, chemical and food convoys, as well as the useful properties of two different plants, we can identify the main differences between them
Acquainted with them, you'll be able to navigate the fact that in front of you - or blueberries blueberries and how to distinguish them.
- Stems. Primarily bushes of stems differ in height - they have a blueberry above: 30 to 100 cm Blueberry reaches a height of 15 to 40 cm..
Blueberry stems softer and darker in color, they have a blueberry rougher. Different shape and bushes: blueberries - creeping plant, and blueberries - upright habit.
Color darker berries from blueberries, they were black and blue, while blueberries, rather, blue-gray. The pulp from the fruit of blueberries - green; in blueberries - dark red (if eating tongue turns red).
Blueberry juice - a colorless, blueberry - dark red. Taste blueberry and blueberries also has difference: blueberry - sweet and sour taste with a saturated, blueberry - sickly sweet.
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a lot of biological and geological mistakes: for example wrote that the clay is typically acidification, however.
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